- International Monetary Fund
- Published Date:
- November 2004
© 2004 International Monetary Fund
Production: IMF Graphics Section
Cover and design: Luisa Menjivar, Jorge Salazar
Typesetting: Lai Oy Louie, Lijun Li
Published December 2004
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The past century has been marked by rapid advances in human welfare. People in most parts of the world are healthier and are living longer. While this trend is likely to continue, hopes are fading in some regions where progress slowed or stopped in the 1990s, primarily as a result of the AIDS epidemic.
This compilation of articles published over the past five years in the pages of F&D looks at the important links between health and economic progress. Articles range over a variety of topics, from the Millennium Development Goals and their health-related targets for 2015 to the economics of tobacco control. Several articles examine the impact of AIDS, while others look at debt and the intellectual property aspects of health care.
By publishing the articles together, we hope that they will form a useful starting point for those examining the economics of health in developing countries.
Finance & Development
- 1 Getting ThereHow to accelerate progress toward the Millennium Development GoalsMark Baird and Sudhir Shetty
- 8 Checking Up on HealthA chart-based description of the world’s health trends
- 10 Health, Wealth, and WelfareNew evidence and a wider perspective suggest sizable economic returns to better healthDavid E. Bloom, David Canning, and Dean T. Jamison
- 16 Making Health Care AccountableThe new focus on performance-based funding of health services in developing countriesRobert Hecht, Amie Batson, and Logan Brenzel
- 20 New Antimalarial Drugs: Biology and Economics MeetWays to stop or slow the spread of drug-resistant strains of malariaKenneth J. Arrow
- 22 Medicines, Patents, and TRIPSHas the intellectual property pact opened a Pandora’s box for pharmaceuticals?Arvind Subramanian
- 26 Debt Relief and Public Health Spending in Heavily Indebted Poor CountriesSanjeev Gupta, Benedict Clements, Maria Teresa Guin-Siu, and Luc Leruth
- 30 Making Services Work for Poor PeopleWhy the poor need more control over health care and other essential servicesShantayanan Devarajan and Ritva Reinikka
- 36 Confronting AIDSDeveloping countries must face the realities of the epidemicLyn Squire
- 39 Coping with the Impact of AIDSThe strain on limited resourcesMead Over
- 43 Setting Government Priorities in Preventing HIV/AIDSPublic policy is an effective weaponMartha Ainsworth
- 48 Making AIDS Part of the Global Development AgendaAIDS is a development problem that must be addressed globallyRobert Hecht, Olusoji Adeyi, and Iris Semini
- 53 Death and Taxes: The Economics of Tobacco ControlTobacco control can have big health benefits without harming the economyPrabhat Jha, Joy de Beyer, and Peter S. Heller