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VI. Policies Regarding Subsidies and State Enterprises and Their Relationship to the Pricing System

VI. Policies Regarding Subsidies and State Enterprises and Their Relationship to the Pricing System »

Source: Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

Subsidies and Transfers As described in Section II, the typical country undertaking a Fund-supported program subsidizes selected goods and services. These open-ended demands on gover...

VII. Debt Financing and Distribution

VII. Debt Financing and Distribution »

Source: Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

Fund-supported programs (86 programs) nearly always look for a reduction of the budget deficit as a percentage of GDP, which in turn is usually associated with limits on the raising of new external public de...

VIII. Lessons from the Review

VIII. Lessons from the Review »

Source: Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

At the start, attention was drawn to the fact that Fund-supported programs involve changes in the relative prices in both goods and factor markets. These are bound to affect the distribution of income betwee...

The Tax System in India

The Tax System in India »

Source: The Tax System in India : Could Reform Spur Growth?

Volume/Issue: 2006/93

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Helene Poirson Ward

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2006

ISBN: 9781451863536

Keywords: Growth, Tax Reform, tax system, taxation, tax burden, tax wedge, Subsidies, and Revenue: General, Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity: General,

This paper assesses the effects of India's tax system on growth, through the level and productivity of private investment. Comparison of India's indicators of effective tax rates and tax revenue productivity with o...

Taxation and Corporate Debt: Are Banks any Different?

Taxation and Corporate Debt: Are Banks any Different? »

Source: Taxation and Corporate Debt : Are Banks any Different?

Volume/Issue: 2013/221

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jost Heckemeyer , and Ruud A. Mooij

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 October 2013

ISBN: 9781484330340

Keywords: Corporate tax, debt bias, leverage, non-financial firms, quantile regressions, bank size, capital structure, banking, tax sensitivity, tax elasticity

This paper explores whether corporate tax bias toward debt finance differs between banks and nonbanks, using a large panel of micro data. On average, it finds that there is no significant difference. The marginal t...

The Fiscal and Welfare Impacts of Reforming Fuel Subsidies in India

The Fiscal and Welfare Impacts of Reforming Fuel Subsidies in India »

Source: The Fiscal and Welfare Impacts of Reforming Fuel Subsidies in India

Volume/Issue: 2013/128

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rahul Anand , David Coady , Adil Mohommad , Vimal Thakoor , and James Walsh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 May 2013

ISBN: 9781484305164

Keywords: Fuel pricing, subsidy reform, distributional impact, compensating transfers, income groups, cash transfers, input-output, cash transfer, direct impact, Input-Output Models

Rising fuel subsidies have contributed to fiscal pressures in India. A key policy concern regarding subsidy reform is the adverse welfare impact on households, in particular poor households. This paper evaluates th...

Taxation and Development: Again

Taxation and Development: Again »

Source: Taxation and Development : Again

Volume/Issue: 2012/220

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2012

ISBN: 9781475510294

Keywords: Taxation and development, state building, large taxpayer office, informality, taxation, tax design, tax system, tax reform, tax policy, Structure and Scope of Government: General

Issues of taxation and development, which have long been a central concern of the IMF, have attracted wider and renewed interest in the last few years. This paper reflects on three broad lessons of experience: that...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

This is the third in a group of three papers dealing with various aspects of Fund-supported adjustment programs....

Tuition Subsidies in a Model of Economic Growth

Tuition Subsidies in a Model of Economic Growth »

Volume/Issue: 1994/100

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Philip Gerson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451852332.001

ISBN: 9781451852332

Keywords: subsidy, education sector, subsidies, educational attainment, educational subsidies

This paper examines a two-sector aggregative growth model with human capital and educated unemployment. In the model, a tuition subsidy may lead to a long-run decline in the educated fraction of the population, bec...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

This is the third in a group of three papers dealing with various aspects of Fund-supported adjustment programs....