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Universal Basic Income in Developing Countries: Issues, Options, and Illustration for India

Universal Basic Income in Developing Countries: Issues, Options, and Illustration for India »

Volume/Issue: 2018/174

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Coady , and Delphine Prady

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 July 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484370049.001

ISBN: 9781484370049

Keywords: Government expenditures and welfare programs, Asia and Pacific, India, Universal basic income, safety net reform, efficient energy pricing, distributional gains

This paper discusses two common arguments for the adoption of a UBI; that it can be a more effective way of supporting low-income households when existing safety net programs are inefficient, and that it can genera...

Mind the Gap-Is Economic Growth in India Leaving Some States Behind?

Mind the Gap-Is Economic Growth in India Leaving Some States Behind? »

Volume/Issue: 2006/103

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Catriona Purfield

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451863635.001

ISBN: 9781451863635

Keywords: Conversions, State Level Growth, employment, per capita income, growth rates, growth rate, General Outlook and Conditions, Economic Development: Regional, Urban, and Rural Analyses

This paper examines how growth has varied across India's states. It finds that (i) the income gap between rich and poor states has widened; (ii) rich and faster-growing states have been more effective in reducing p...

A Framework for Assessing Fiscal Sustainability and External Viability, with An Application to India

A Framework for Assessing Fiscal Sustainability and External Viability, with An Application to India »

Volume/Issue: 1993/78

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Karen Parker , and Steffen Kastner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1993

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451850055.001

ISBN: 9781451850055

Keywords: Fiscal policy, Inflation, India, public debt, balance of payments, foreign debt, current account

This paper presents a simple macroeconomic simulation model which can be used to evaluate alternative fiscal strategies and their implications for external viability. It attempts to bridge the gap between the liter...

A Framework for Developing Secondary Markets for Government Securities

A Framework for Developing Secondary Markets for Government Securities »

Volume/Issue: 2008/174

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Zsófia Árvai , and Geoffrey Heenan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451870329.001

ISBN: 9781451870329

Keywords: market development, central bank, securities market, government securities market,

This paper consolidates previous work on the development of secondary markets for government securities, and focuses on the sequencing of measures necessary for their development. Six main lessons are identified: (...

A Game-Theoretic Analysis of Corruption in Bureaucracies

A Game-Theoretic Analysis of Corruption in Bureaucracies »

Volume/Issue: 2000/106

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Era Dabla-Norris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451852882.001

ISBN: 9781451852882

Keywords: hierarchies, multiple equilibria, wage, wage incentives, wages, central authorities, salaries

This paper examines interactions between self-interested agents in a two-tier government hierarchy, consisting of a central authority and bureaucrats in a two-stage game, where the actions of agents affect private...

A General Equilibrium Model with Informal Financial Markets

A General Equilibrium Model with Informal Financial Markets »

Volume/Issue: 1991/18

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1991

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451843576.001

ISBN: 9781451843576

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, bank credit, parallel exchange rate, bank deposits

The paper presents a general equilibrium framework for short-run macroeconomic analysis in a developing country context where controls on interest rates and foreign exchange restrictions lead to the emergence of in...

A Monetary Policy Model Without Money for India

A Monetary Policy Model Without Money for India »

Volume/Issue: 2010/183

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Muneesh Kapur , and Michael Patra

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455202171.001

ISBN: 9781455202171

Keywords: IS Curve, Monetary Transmission, Neutral Interest Rate, New Keynesian Model, Phillips Curve, inflation, aggregate demand, real interest rate, monetary policy reaction function, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

A New Keynesian model estimated for India yields valuable insights. Aggregate demand reacts to interest rate changes with a lag of at least three quarters, with inflation taking seven quarters to respond. Inflation...

A Note on Public Debt, Tax-Exempt Bonds, and Ponzi Games

A Note on Public Debt, Tax-Exempt Bonds, and Ponzi Games »

Volume/Issue: 2007/162

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Berthold Wigger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451867268.001

ISBN: 9781451867268

Keywords: tax-exempt bonds, capital taxation, Ponzi game, bonds, public bonds, bond,

By issuing tax-exempt bonds, the government can incur debt and never pay back any principal or interest, even if the economy without public debt evolves on a dynamically efficient growth path. The welfare effects o...

A Solution to Two Paradoxes of International Capital Flows

A Solution to Two Paradoxes of International Capital Flows »

Volume/Issue: 2006/178

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shang-Jin Wei , and Jiandong Ju

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451864380.001

ISBN: 9781451864380

Keywords: Lucas paradox, factor price equalization, financial development, property rights institutions, and expropriation risk, capital flow, financial system, international capital, financial capital, International Factor Movements And International Business,

International capital flows from rich to poor countries can be regarded as either too low (the Lucas paradox in a one-sector model) or too high (when compared with the logic of factor price equalization in a two-se...

Accelerating And Sustaining Growth
			: Economic and Political Lessons

Accelerating And Sustaining Growth : Economic and Political Lessons »

Volume/Issue: 2012/185

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arvind Virmani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475505337.001

ISBN: 9781475505337

Keywords: High Growth Economies, Policy Reforms, Timing and Phasing., import liberalization, competitive pressure, external shocks, per capita income, per capita growth rate, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity: General

The paper reviews and draws lessons from the experience of fast growing economies including a sub-set of these termed High Growth Economies (HGEs) with a decadal rate of over 7 per cent. It then reviews the history...