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4 Addressing the Procyclical Bias

4 Addressing the Procyclical Bias »

Source: Promoting Fiscal Discipline

Series: Books

Author(s): Manmohan Kumar , and Teresa Ter-Minassian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 October 2007

ISBN: 9781589066090

Keywords: fiscal policy, expenditure, fiscal performance, fiscal rules, fiscal discipline

Since political economy factors are an important determinant of procyclicality of policies, measures to contain the misuse of fiscal policy discretion can be benefic...

APPENDIX I Incidence Analyses and Income Redistribution

APPENDIX I Incidence Analyses and Income Redistribution »

Source: Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

Most studies of the income distributional effects of public policy fall within the category of “incidence analyses” of taxation and expenditure. They either analyze the effects of particular measures or, if...

APPENDIX II Some Empirical Evidence on Price and Subsidy Policy

APPENDIX II Some Empirical Evidence on Price and Subsidy Policy »

Source: Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

Empirical information concerning the direct effect of price and subsidy policy on income distribution is scarce and of questionable quality. In addition, existing studies do not cover a sufficient range of c...

APPENDIX III A Review of Policies in Fund Programs, 1980–84

APPENDIX III A Review of Policies in Fund Programs, 1980–84 »

Source: Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

Selection of the Sample The Fund approved 117 stand-by programs and 23 extended facilities from January 1980 to December 1984, for 68 countries. Twenty-two countries had programs in...

A Brazilian-Type Debt Crisis: Simple Analytics

A Brazilian-Type Debt Crisis: Simple Analytics »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 51, No. 1

Volume: 51

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589063228

Keywords: expenditure, bribe, government expenditure, bribes, Banks and banking, Special Drawing Rights (SDR), Capital Stock, Cointegration, Demand (economic Theory), Empirical Methods

This first issue of Volume 51 for 2004 includes a new paper by Peter B. Clark and Jacques J. Polak, along with a tribute from the Editor to Mr. Polak in honor of his 90th birthday. This issue also launches a new fe...

Capital Inflows and Balance of Payments Pressures

Capital Inflows and Balance of Payments Pressures »

Source: Capital Inflows and Balance of Payments Pressures : Tailoring Policy Responses in Emerging Market Economies

Volume/Issue: 2008/2

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Bikas Joshi , Manuela Goretti , Uma Ramakrishnan , Alun Thomas , Atish Ghosh , and Juan Zalduendo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

ISBN: 9781451945997

Keywords: Economic policy, Balance of payments, Capital inflows, Capital flows, Developing countries, Policy Discussion Paper, policy responses, current account, exchange rate,

Although capital inflows are generally beneficial to recipient countries, they also pose a challenge for the conduct of economic policy. This paper proposes a conceptual taxonomy to guide the design of policy respo...

The Comovement in Commodity Prices

The Comovement in Commodity Prices »

Source: The Comovement in Commodity Prices : Sources and Implications

Volume/Issue: 2013/140

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ron Alquist , and Olivier Coibion

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 June 2013

ISBN: 9781484378144

Keywords: comovement, factor models, factor analysis, global production, agricultural commodities, idiosyncratic shocks, International Business Cycles, comovement: factor models,

We present a simple macroeconomic model with a continuum of primary commodities used in the production of the final good, such that the real prices of commodities have a factor structure. One factor captures the co...

Competition in the Financial Sector

Competition in the Financial Sector »

Source: Competition in the Financial Sector : Overview of Competition Policies

Volume/Issue: 2009/45

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stijn Claessens

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2009

ISBN: 9781451871937

Keywords: competition policy, contestability, stability, degree of competition, General Financial Markets: General (includes Measurement and Data), General Financial Markets: Government Policy and Regulation, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation, Market Structure, Firm Strategy, And Market Performance

As in other sectors, competition in finance matters for allocative, productive and dynamic efficiency. Theory suggests, however, that unfettered competition is not first best given the special features of finance....

3 Cyclicality of Fiscal Policy

3 Cyclicality of Fiscal Policy »

Source: Promoting Fiscal Discipline

Series: Books

Author(s): Manmohan Kumar , and Teresa Ter-Minassian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 October 2007

ISBN: 9781589066090

Keywords: fiscal policy, expenditure, fiscal performance, fiscal rules, fiscal discipline

Although some debate on the feasibility and effectiveness of fiscal policy in stabilizing output fluctuations continues, there is little disagreement that, as a rule...

2 Discretion, Institutions, and Fiscal Discipline

2 Discretion, Institutions, and Fiscal Discipline »

Source: Promoting Fiscal Discipline

Series: Books

Author(s): Manmohan Kumar , and Teresa Ter-Minassian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 October 2007

ISBN: 9781589066090

Keywords: fiscal policy, expenditure, fiscal performance, fiscal rules, fiscal discipline

Economic analysis has long recognized that policymakers, particularly in the fiscal domain, act quite rationally according to specific incentives, including reelecti...