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3 Aid Volatility and Macroeconomic Policies

3 Aid Volatility and Macroeconomic Policies »

Source: Exchange Rate Analysis in Support of IMF Surveillance : A Collection of Empirical Studies

Series: Books

Author(s): Charalambos Tsangarides , Carlo Cottarelli , Gian Milesi-Ferretti , and Atish Ghosh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 2008

ISBN: 9781589067288

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange rate, exchange rate regime, exchange rates, exchange rate regimes

At the G-8 meeting in Scotland in July 2005, world leaders announced a US$50 billion increase in official development assistance to poor countries. This surge in aid—aimed at achieving the Millennium Develop...

Appendix I Developing Countries Covered in This Study

Appendix I Developing Countries Covered in This Study »

Source: External Indebtedness of Developing Countries

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ulrich Baumgartner , G. Johnson , K. Dillon , R. Williams , Peter Keller , Maria Tyler , Bahram Nowzad , G. Kincaid , and Tomás Reichmann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 1981

ISBN: 9781451935875

Keywords: debt, external debt, payments, debt service, interest

Afghanistan Algeria Argentina Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Benin Bolivia Botswana Brazil Burma Burundi...

Appendix II Inflation and Debt Service

Appendix II Inflation and Debt Service »

Source: External Indebtedness of Developing Countries

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ulrich Baumgartner , G. Johnson , K. Dillon , R. Williams , Peter Keller , Maria Tyler , Bahram Nowzad , G. Kincaid , and Tomás Reichmann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 1981

ISBN: 9781451935875

Keywords: debt, external debt, payments, debt service, interest

Inflation erodes the real value of debt, except debt that is indexed. This decline can be thought of as an inflation-induced transfer, accruing to either the creditor or the debtor. The general mechanism for...

Appendix III Debt Ratios and Analysis of Debt Situations

Appendix III Debt Ratios and Analysis of Debt Situations »

Source: External Indebtedness of Developing Countries

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ulrich Baumgartner , G. Johnson , K. Dillon , R. Williams , Peter Keller , Maria Tyler , Bahram Nowzad , G. Kincaid , and Tomás Reichmann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 1981

ISBN: 9781451935875

Keywords: debt, external debt, payments, debt service, interest

General Considerations Concern over the rise in the external debt of developing countries has focused attention on quantifiable indicators of debt and debt capacity. Such indicators...

Checking Up on Health

Checking Up on Health »

Source: Health and Development

Series: EXR Pamphlets

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 November 2004

ISBN: 9781589063419

Keywords: hiv, aids, hiv/aids, health care, public health

In most parts of the world, people are healthier and living longer, thanks to improved health services and living conditions and the more widespread use of immunization, antibiotics...

1 Commodity Currencies and the Real Exchange Rate

1 Commodity Currencies and the Real Exchange Rate »

Source: Exchange Rate Analysis in Support of IMF Surveillance : A Collection of Empirical Studies

Series: Books

Author(s): Charalambos Tsangarides , Carlo Cottarelli , Gian Milesi-Ferretti , and Atish Ghosh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 2008

ISBN: 9781589067288

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange rate, exchange rate regime, exchange rates, exchange rate regimes

The neglect to allow for the effect of changes in the terms of trade is, perhaps, the most unsatisfactory characteristic of Prof. Cassel’s “Purchasing Power Parity Theory of the Foreign Exchange...

Confronting AIDS

Confronting AIDS »

Source: Health and Development

Series: EXR Pamphlets

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 November 2004

ISBN: 9781589063419

Keywords: hiv, aids, hiv/aids, health care, public health

More than 11 million people have already died of AIDS. But 2.3 billion people live in developing countries where the disease has not yet spread beyond certain groups at risk. If the governments of these coun...

Coping with the Impact of AIDS

Coping with the Impact of AIDS »

Source: Health and Development

Series: EXR Pamphlets

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 November 2004

ISBN: 9781589063419

Keywords: hiv, aids, hiv/aids, health care, public health

While some countries still have the opportunity to avert a full-blown AIDS epidemic, others are already confronting widespread HIV infection. What can be done to help people with AIDS in developing countries...

Death and Taxes: The Economics of Tobacco control

Death and Taxes: The Economics of Tobacco control »

Source: Health and Development

Series: EXR Pamphlets

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 November 2004

ISBN: 9781589063419

Keywords: hiv, aids, hiv/aids, health care, public health

About 1.1 billion people worldwide smoke, and, with current trends, the number is expected to rise to more than 1.6 billion by 2025. In high-income countries, the number of smokers has, overall, been declini...

Debt relief and Public Health Spending in Heavily Indebted Poor Countries

Debt relief and Public Health Spending in Heavily Indebted Poor Countries »

Source: Health and Development

Series: EXR Pamphlets

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 November 2004

ISBN: 9781589063419

Keywords: hiv, aids, hiv/aids, health care, public health

The Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative, launched in 1996, was the first comprehensive effort by the international community to reduce the external debt of the world’s poorest countries. It wen...