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2 A View from the IMF

2 A View from the IMF »

Source: Economic Policy and Equity

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 May 1999

ISBN: 9781557757883

Keywords: income distribution, transition economies, income inequality, distribution of income, wage

Introduction Welcome to this conference on “Economic Policy and Equity,” a part of the IMF’s continuing efforts to better understand equity, and to integrate equity considerations in...

7 Addressing Equity Issues in Policymaking: Lessons from the Chilean Experience

7 Addressing Equity Issues in Policymaking: Lessons from the Chilean Experience »

Source: Economic Policy and Equity

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 May 1999

ISBN: 9781557757883

Keywords: income distribution, transition economies, income inequality, distribution of income, wage

Introduction The democratic governments of the Chilean Concertación coalition that began in March 1990 have emphasized a development strategy of equitable and sustainable economic gr...

4 Addressing the Procyclical Bias

4 Addressing the Procyclical Bias »

Source: Promoting Fiscal Discipline

Series: Books

Author(s): Manmohan Kumar , and Teresa Ter-Minassian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 October 2007

ISBN: 9781589066090

Keywords: fiscal policy, expenditure, fiscal performance, fiscal rules, fiscal discipline

Since political economy factors are an important determinant of procyclicality of policies, measures to contain the misuse of fiscal policy discretion can be benefic...

3 Aid Volatility and Macroeconomic Policies

3 Aid Volatility and Macroeconomic Policies »

Source: Exchange Rate Analysis in Support of IMF Surveillance : A Collection of Empirical Studies

Series: Books

Author(s): Charalambos Tsangarides , Carlo Cottarelli , Gian Milesi-Ferretti , and Atish Ghosh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 2008

ISBN: 9781589067288

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange rate, exchange rate regime, exchange rates, exchange rate regimes

At the G-8 meeting in Scotland in July 2005, world leaders announced a US$50 billion increase in official development assistance to poor countries. This surge in aid—aimed at achieving the Millennium Develop...

Appendix I Developing Countries Covered in This Study

Appendix I Developing Countries Covered in This Study »

Source: External Indebtedness of Developing Countries

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ulrich Baumgartner , G. Johnson , K. Dillon , R. Williams , Peter Keller , Maria Tyler , Bahram Nowzad , G. Kincaid , and Tomás Reichmann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 1981

ISBN: 9781451935875

Keywords: debt, external debt, payments, debt service, interest

Afghanistan Algeria Argentina Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Benin Bolivia Botswana Brazil Burma Burundi...

Appendix II Inflation and Debt Service

Appendix II Inflation and Debt Service »

Source: External Indebtedness of Developing Countries

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ulrich Baumgartner , G. Johnson , K. Dillon , R. Williams , Peter Keller , Maria Tyler , Bahram Nowzad , G. Kincaid , and Tomás Reichmann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 1981

ISBN: 9781451935875

Keywords: debt, external debt, payments, debt service, interest

Inflation erodes the real value of debt, except debt that is indexed. This decline can be thought of as an inflation-induced transfer, accruing to either the creditor or the debtor. The general mechanism for...

Appendix III Debt Ratios and Analysis of Debt Situations

Appendix III Debt Ratios and Analysis of Debt Situations »

Source: External Indebtedness of Developing Countries

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ulrich Baumgartner , G. Johnson , K. Dillon , R. Williams , Peter Keller , Maria Tyler , Bahram Nowzad , G. Kincaid , and Tomás Reichmann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 1981

ISBN: 9781451935875

Keywords: debt, external debt, payments, debt service, interest

General Considerations Concern over the rise in the external debt of developing countries has focused attention on quantifiable indicators of debt and debt capacity. Such indicators...

Banks and Labor as Stakeholders

Banks and Labor as Stakeholders »

Source: Banks and Labor as Stakeholders : Impact on Economic Performance

Volume/Issue: 2008/229

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kenichi Ueda , and Stijn Claessens

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2008

ISBN: 9781451870879

Keywords: stakeholders, shareholders&;amp;#x2019; maximization, financial liberalization, employment protection, employment, shareholders,

Traditionally, the impacts of the rights of financial institutions and workers on corporate performance have been analyzed independently. Yet, theory clearly indicates that the combination of relative powers of dif...

Budget Deficits and Interest Rates

Budget Deficits and Interest Rates »

Source: Budget Deficits and Interest Rates : A Fresh Perspective

Volume/Issue: 2008/42

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ari Aisen , and David Hauner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2008

ISBN: 9781451869040

Keywords: system GMM, inflation, budget deficit, money supply,

We extend the literature on budget deficits and interest rates in three ways: we examine both advanced and emerging economies and for the first time a large emerging market panel; explore interactions to explain so...

Capital Inflows and Balance of Payments Pressures

Capital Inflows and Balance of Payments Pressures »

Source: Capital Inflows and Balance of Payments Pressures : Tailoring Policy Responses in Emerging Market Economies

Volume/Issue: 2008/2

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Bikas Joshi , Manuela Goretti , Uma Ramakrishnan , Alun Thomas , Atish Ghosh , and Juan Zalduendo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

ISBN: 9781451945997

Keywords: Economic policy, Balance of payments, Capital inflows, Capital flows, Developing countries, Policy Discussion Paper, policy responses, current account, exchange rate,

Although capital inflows are generally beneficial to recipient countries, they also pose a challenge for the conduct of economic policy. This paper proposes a conceptual taxonomy to guide the design of policy respo...