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Protectionist Responses to the Crisis
			: Damage Observed in Product-Level Trade

Protectionist Responses to the Crisis : Damage Observed in Product-Level Trade »

Volume/Issue: 2011/139

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Brad McDonald , and Christian Henn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455265442.001

ISBN: 9781455265442

Keywords: Global Crisis, First-differenced Gravity Equation, Time-varying Fixed Effects, WTO, trade impact, import restrictions, trade flows, global trade, world trade, Trade: General

This paper investigates how trade flows are being affected by new discriminatory measures implemented during the global financial crisis. We match data on behind-the-border measures (e.g., bailouts and subsidies) a...

Reaching the MDGs
			: An Action Plan for Trade

Reaching the MDGs : An Action Plan for Trade »

Volume/Issue: 2010/14

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Brad McDonald , Rob Gregory , and Katrin Elborgh-Woytek

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455265343.004

ISBN: 9781455265343

Keywords: Exports, Export competitiveness, Emerging markets, Developed countries, Low-income developing countries, International trade, Millennium Development Goals, Trade integration, Tax reforms, Trade policy

The actions proposed here focus on trade integration, substantially increasing exports of the poorest countries and helping them to meet the Millennium Development Goals. As the foundation for these ambitions, we e...

Trade and the Crisis
			: Protect or Recover

Trade and the Crisis : Protect or Recover »

Volume/Issue: 2010/07

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Mika Saito , Christian Henn , Rob Gregory , and Brad McDonald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 April 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455251216.004

ISBN: 9781455251216

Keywords: Protectionism, Global Financial Crisis 2008-2009, Trade restrictions, Trade policy, Unemployment, World Trade Organization, Transparency, WTO, trade flows, world trade

The pace of trade reforms waned from the mid-2000s as protectionist sentiment began to increase. With the onset of the global financial crisis, reform progress not only halted but began to reverse. As we show in th...

IMF Research Bulletin, September 2009

IMF Research Bulletin, September 2009 »

Volume/Issue: 10/3

Series: IMF Research Bulletin

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455256310.026

ISBN: 9781455256310

Keywords: income inequality, trade liberalization, technological progress, global economy, technological change

The Q&A in this issue features seven questions about policy options for emerging market countries (by Marcos Chamon, Chris Crowe, and Jun Il Kim); research summaries on 'Does Trade and Financial Globalization Cause...

Finance & Development, December 2008

Finance & Development, December 2008 »

Volume/Issue: 45/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 December 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451922455.022

ISBN: 9781451922455

Keywords: multilateral framework, regional integration, world markets, trading system, regional trade

Cracks in the System: World Economy Under Stress" explores the rapidly changing institutional and policymaking landscape around a financial crisis that now threatens a deep and prolonged global recession. The lead...

Finance & Development, September 2008

Finance & Development, September 2008 »

Volume/Issue: 45/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451922394.022

ISBN: 9781451922394

Keywords: low-income countries, international monetary fund, emerging markets, financial markets, monetary policy

The September 2008 issue examines key issues facing low-income countries, including how they should respond to high oil and food prices. Some African economies are now successfully attracting international investor...

IMF Research Bulletin, September 2007

IMF Research Bulletin, September 2007 »

Volume/Issue: 8/3

Series: IMF Research Bulletin

Author(s): Antonio Spilimbergo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 August 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451929836.026

ISBN: 9781451929836

Keywords: labor, emigration, trade liberalization, immigration, migration, Reforms, Emigration And Immigration. Economic Aspects, International Economic Integration, Welfare Effects Of Trade,

IMF research summary on how globalization affects developing countries (by Prachi Mishra and Petia Topalova); country study on Croatia (by Athanasios Vamvakidis); listing of visiting scholars at the IMF during June...

Policies, Enforcement, and Customs Evasion
			: Evidence from India

Policies, Enforcement, and Customs Evasion : Evidence from India »

Volume/Issue: 2007/60

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Prachi Mishra , Arvind Subramanian , and Petia Topalova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451866247.001

ISBN: 9781451866247

Keywords: Customs evasion, enforcement, institutions, customs, import value, export value, exporting countries, customs administration, Illegal Behavior and the Enforcement of Law,

We examine the effect of tariff policies on evasion of customs duties, in the context of the trade reform in India of the 1990s. We exploit the variation in tariff rates across time and products to identify the eva...

IMF Research Bulletin, December 2006

IMF Research Bulletin, December 2006 »

Volume/Issue: 7/4

Series: IMF Research Bulletin

Author(s): Clinton Shiells , Antonio Spilimbergo , Vladimir Klyuev , and Raghuram Rajan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 December 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451959697.026

ISBN: 9781451959697

Keywords: low-income countries, multilateral surveillance, financial sector, exchange rates, Budget Policy And Planning, Economics. Research, International Competition, International Monetary Fund (imf). Multilateral Consultations, Welfare Effects Of Trade,

The IMF Research Bulletin, a quarterly publication, selectively summarizes research and analytical work done by various departments at the IMF and also provides a listing of research documents and other research-re...

IMF Survey, Volume 34, Issue 22

IMF Survey, Volume 34, Issue 22 »

Volume/Issue: 34/22

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451939019.023

ISBN: 9781451939019

Keywords: regional cooperation, international monetary fund, central bank, external trade

The Web edition of the IMF Survey is updated several times a week, and contains a wealth of articles about topical policy and economic issues in the news. Access the latest IMF research, read interviews, and listen...