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Structural Transformation and the sophistication of Production

Structural Transformation and the sophistication of Production »

Volume/Issue: 2012/59

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nicola Spatafora , Rahul Anand , and Saurabh Mishra

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463937775.001

ISBN: 9781463937775

Keywords: Structural Transformation, Sophistication of Production, manufactured exports, exports of goods, export basket, export baskets, Economic Growth of Open Economies,

A new dataset on export sophistication reveals that in many countries the importance of modern services, and the sophistication of manufactured and service exports, has increased over time. However, this trend was...

Competition in the Financial Sector
			: Overview of Competition Policies

Competition in the Financial Sector : Overview of Competition Policies »

Volume/Issue: 2009/45

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stijn Claessens

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451871937.001

ISBN: 9781451871937

Keywords: competition policy, contestability, stability, degree of competition, General Financial Markets: General (includes Measurement and Data), General Financial Markets: Government Policy and Regulation, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation, Market Structure, Firm Strategy, And Market Performance

As in other sectors, competition in finance matters for allocative, productive and dynamic efficiency. Theory suggests, however, that unfettered competition is not first best given the special features of finance....

Foreign Banks in Poor Countries
			: Theory and Evidence

Foreign Banks in Poor Countries : Theory and Evidence »

Volume/Issue: 2006/18

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Enrica Detragiache , Poonam Gupta , and Thierry Tressel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451862782.001

ISBN: 9781451862782

Keywords: Financial development, low-income countries, foreign bank, foreign ownership, domestic banks, Low Income Developing Countries,

We study how foreign bank penetration affects financial sector development in poor countries. A theoretical model shows that when foreign banks are better at monitoring highend customers than domestic banks, their...

Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon
			: What Are the Consequences of China's WTO Entry for India's Trade?

Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon : What Are the Consequences of China's WTO Entry for India's Trade? »

Volume/Issue: 2005/101

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451861204.001

ISBN: 9781451861204

Keywords: World Trade Organization (WTO), CGE models, comparative advantage, global trade, trade diversion, terms of trade, international trade, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, WTO,

One of the most significant recent developments in world trade has been the entry of China into the World Trade Organization (WTO). This paper examines the implications of China's WTO accession for India's trade, u...

Understanding India's Services Revolution

Understanding India's Services Revolution »

Volume/Issue: 2004/171

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Poonam Gupta , and James Gordon

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451858532.001

ISBN: 9781451858532

Keywords: sectoral shares, balanced growth, splintering, liberalization, services sector, service sector, business services, services activities, industrial sector, Macroeconomics: Production

This paper analyzes the factors behind the recent growth of India's services sector. The high growth of services output in the 1990s was mostly due to the rapid expansion of communication, banking, business service...

Why India Can Grow At 7 Percent a Year or More
			: Projections and Reflections

Why India Can Grow At 7 Percent a Year or More : Projections and Reflections »

Volume/Issue: 2004/118

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dani Rodrik , and Arvind Subramanian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451854114.001

ISBN: 9781451854114

Keywords: Growth, institutions, growth rate, human capital, economic growth, tfp, total factor productivity, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Economywide Country Studies: Asia including Middle East,

Using a simple growth accounting framework, we project India's future potential output growth rate through 2025. We argue that there is perhaps more upside potential than downside risks to our central estimate of a...

What Would a Development-Friendly WTO Architecture Really Look Like?

What Would a Development-Friendly WTO Architecture Really Look Like? »

Volume/Issue: 2003/153

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian , and Aaditya Mattoo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 August 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451857177.001

ISBN: 9781451857177

Keywords: WTO, architecture, national treatment, trade in services, border trade, market access, cross-border trade, International Factor Movements and International Business,

This paper elaborates on a number of key principles that need to underpin a coherent and development-friendly architecture for the WTO. The key principles include enlarging the scope of WTO bargaining to include la...

The Performance of Indian Banks During Financial Liberalization

The Performance of Indian Banks During Financial Liberalization »

Volume/Issue: 2003/150

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Petya Koeva Brooks

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451856989.001

ISBN: 9781451856989

Keywords: financial liberalization, banking, bank spreads, foreign banks, net interest margin,

This paper provides new empirical evidence on the impact of financial liberalization on the performance of Indian commercial banks. The analysis focuses on examining the behavior and determinants of bank intermedia...

Counterfeit Goods and Income Inequality

Counterfeit Goods and Income Inequality »

Volume/Issue: 2001/13

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stefania Scandizzo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451843002.001

ISBN: 9781451843002

Keywords: counterfeit goods, vertical product differentiation, inequality, product differentiation, market structure, consumer surplus, patent protection, Market Structure and Pricing: Oligopoly and Other Forms of Market Imperfection, Firm Strategy, And Market Performance,

This paper examines the effect of counterfeit goods in a world where consumers are differentiated by level of income and innovation is quality enhancing. Counterfeit goods are defined as products with the same char...

Why Do Firms Pay Antidumping Duty?

Why Do Firms Pay Antidumping Duty? »

Volume/Issue: 1999/166

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Poonam Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451858082.001

ISBN: 9781451858082

Keywords: Antidumping duty, price negotiation, domestic industry, antidumping actions, free trade, domestic firms

With the virtual elimination of tariffs and quotas under GATT, antidumping measures emerged as a key instrument of protection. Under antidumping actions exporters can either raise the price to eliminate the dumping...