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Universal Basic Income in Developing Countries: Issues, Options, and Illustration for India

Universal Basic Income in Developing Countries: Issues, Options, and Illustration for India »

Volume/Issue: 2018/174

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Coady , and Delphine Prady

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 July 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484370049.001

ISBN: 9781484370049

Keywords: Government expenditures and welfare programs, Asia and Pacific, India, Universal basic income, safety net reform, efficient energy pricing, distributional gains

This paper discusses two common arguments for the adoption of a UBI; that it can be a more effective way of supporting low-income households when existing safety net programs are inefficient, and that it can genera...

Financial Frictions, Underinvestment, and Investment Composition
			: Evidence from Indian Corporates

Financial Frictions, Underinvestment, and Investment Composition : Evidence from Indian Corporates »

Volume/Issue: 2017/134

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sonali Das , and Volodymyr Tulin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 June 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484302644.001

ISBN: 9781484302644

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, India, Investment, Corporate Leverage, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy

This paper studies private investment in India against the backdrop of a significant investment decline over the past decade. We analyze the potential causes of weaker investment at the firm level, using both firm-...

Reforming Energy Policy in India
			: Assessing the Options

Reforming Energy Policy in India : Assessing the Options »

Volume/Issue: 2017/103

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Parry , Victor Mylonas , and Nate Vernon

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 May 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475595734.001

ISBN: 9781475595734

Keywords: Revenues, Asia and Pacific, India, Air pollution deaths, Paris targets, welfare effects, incidence, coal tax, energy price reform, Government Policy

Spreadsheet models are used to assess the environmental, fiscal, economic, and incidence effects of a wide range of options for reducing fossil fuel use in India. Among the most effective options is ramping up the...

Inflation-Forecast Targeting for India
			: An Outline of the Analytical Framework

Inflation-Forecast Targeting for India : An Outline of the Analytical Framework »

Volume/Issue: 2017/32

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jaromir Benes , Kevin Clinton , Asish George , Joice John , Ondra Kamenik , Douglas Laxton , Pratik Mitra , G.V. Nadhanael , Hou Wang , and Fan Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 February 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475578690.001

ISBN: 9781475578690

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Disinflation, India, Inflation targeting, Forecasting models, Monetary policy, Price stabilization, Central banks and their policies, inflation targeting; Reserve Bank of India; inflation episodes in India; forecasting models; monetary policy models; model calibration; monetary policy rules; monetary policy simulations, Reserve Bank of India

India formally adopted flexible inflation targeting (FIT) in June 2016 to place price stability, defined in terms of a target CPI inflation, as the primary objective of monetary policy. In this context, the paper d...

Quarterly Projection Model for India
			: Key Elements and Properties

Quarterly Projection Model for India : Key Elements and Properties »

Volume/Issue: 2017/33

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jaromir Benes , Kevin Clinton , Asish George , Pranav Gupta , Joice John , Ondra Kamenik , Douglas Laxton , Pratik Mitra , G.V. Nadhanael , Rafael Portillo , Hou Wang , and Fan Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 February 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475578706.001

ISBN: 9781475578706

Keywords: Central banks and their policies, Monetary policy, Monetary transmission mechanism, Interest rate policy, Forecasting models, Inflation targeting, India, Asia and Pacific, inflation targeting; Reserve Bank of India; inflation episodes in India; forecasting models; monetary policy models; model calibration; monetary policy rules; monetary policy simulations, Reserve Bank of India

This paper outlines the key features of the production version of the quarterly projection model (QPM), which is a forward-looking open-economy gap model, calibrated to represent the Indian case, for generating for...

Indian Financial Sector
			: Structure, Trends and Turns

Indian Financial Sector : Structure, Trends and Turns »

Volume/Issue: 2017/7

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rakesh Mohan , and Partha Ray

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 January 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475570168.001

ISBN: 9781475570168

Keywords: Central banks and their policies, Banks, Banking, Asia and Pacific, Capital markets, External sector, Financial sector, Insurance, India, Nonbank financial sector

This paper traces the story of Indian financial sector over the period 1950-2015. In identifying the trends and turns of Indian financial sector, the paper adopts a three period classification viz., (a) the 1950s a...

The Influence of Gender Budgeting in Indian States on Gender Inequality and Fiscal Spending

The Influence of Gender Budgeting in Indian States on Gender Inequality and Fiscal Spending »

Volume/Issue: 2016/227

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Janet Stotsky , and Asad Zaman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 November 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475555219.001

ISBN: 9781475555219

Keywords: India, Fiscal policy, Asia and Pacific, gender budgeting, gender inequality, Indian states, General, General, Economics of Gender

This study investigates the effect of gender budgeting in India on gender inequality and fiscal spending. Gender budgeting is an approach to budgeting in which governments use fiscal policies and administration to...

Asia
			: A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts

Asia : A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts »

Volume/Issue: 2016/150

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lekha Chakraborty

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 July 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475519914.001

ISBN: 9781475519914

Keywords: India, Fiscal policy, Cross country analysis, Budgeting, Asia, Asia and Pacific, Australia, Philippines, Korea, Republic of, Gender

This paper reviews gender budgeting efforts in Asia. The countries in the region have achieved mixed success in improving gender equality. Gender budgeting is ideally a fiscal innovation that translates gender-rela...

Macroeconomic Impact of Product and Labor Market Reforms on Informality and Unemployment in India

Macroeconomic Impact of Product and Labor Market Reforms on Informality and Unemployment in India »

Volume/Issue: 2016/47

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rahul Anand , and Purva Khera

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 March 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513545257.001

ISBN: 9781513545257

Keywords: Wage bargaining, India, Asia and Pacific, structural reforms, product market deregulation, labor market deregulation, unemployment, informality, DSGE, Indian economy

This paper investigates the implications of lowering formal regulations in labor and product markets on informality and macroeconomic outcomes in India. We estimate a DSGE model with an informal sector, and rigidit...

Pilot Project on Concentration and Distribution Measures for a Selected Set of Financial Soundness Indicators

Pilot Project on Concentration and Distribution Measures for a Selected Set of Financial Soundness Indicators »

Volume/Issue: 2016/26

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Joseph Crowley , Plapa Koukpamou , Elena Loukoianova , and André Mialou

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498337014.001

ISBN: 9781498337014

Keywords: Financial Soundness Indicators, Concentration and Distribution Measures, institutions, data, pilot project, confidentiality, information, General, All Countries, Fiscal Crisis,

This paper reports the main findings of a pilot project launched in July 2014 by the IMF’s Statistics Department to test augmenting the IMF’s financial soundness indicators (FSIs) with concentration and distributio...