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Are Capital Inflows Expansionary or Contractionary? Theory, Policy Implications, and Some Evidence

Are Capital Inflows Expansionary or Contractionary? Theory, Policy Implications, and Some Evidence »

Volume/Issue: 2015/226

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Olivier Blanchard , Jonathan Ostry , Atish Ghosh , and Marcos Chamon

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 October 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513500805.001

ISBN: 9781513500805

Keywords: capital inflows, bonds, bond, return, domestic bonds, All Countries, apital inflows,

The workhorse open-economy macro model suggests that capital inflows are contractionary because they appreciate the currency and reduce net exports. Emerging market policy makers however believe that inflows lead t...

What Measure of Inflation Should a Developing Country Central Bank Target?

What Measure of Inflation Should a Developing Country Central Bank Target? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/205

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rahul Anand , Eswar Prasad , and Boyang Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513572574.001

ISBN: 9781513572574

Keywords: monetary policy framework, core inflation, headline inflation, financial frictions, inflation, economies, welfare, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments, and Effects),

In closed or open economy models with complete markets, targeting core inflation enables monetary policy to maximize welfare by replicating the flexible price equilibrium. We analyze this result in the context of d...

Financing Infrastructure in India
			: Macroeconomic Lessons and Emerging Market Case Studies

Financing Infrastructure in India : Macroeconomic Lessons and Emerging Market Case Studies »

Volume/Issue: 2011/181

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): James Walsh , Jiangyan Yu , and Chanho Park

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462310296.001

ISBN: 9781462310296

Keywords: infrastructure financing, growth, capital market, bonds, investors, bond, bond market, stock market,

Driving infrastructure development, notably mobilizing financial resources for infrastructure projects, has been challenging in many countries. This study includes two parts: an empirical analysis of macroeconomic...

Causes of Asset Shortages in Emerging Markets

Causes of Asset Shortages in Emerging Markets »

Volume/Issue: 2011/114

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jiaqian Chen , and Patrick Imam

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455262373.001

ISBN: 9781455262373

Keywords: Asset Shortage, Emerging Market, Capital Market, Regulation, financial assets, interest rates, capital markets, capital account, pension funds, Money and Interest Rates: General

We first illustrate that emerging markets (EMs) face a shortage of financial assets, with financial assets not growing as rapidly as domestic savings. We then estimate the asset shortage in EMs for 1995-2008. We de...

Government Cash Management
			: Its Interaction with Other Financial Policies

Government Cash Management : Its Interaction with Other Financial Policies »

Volume: 10

Series: Technical Notes and Manuals

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 August 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462318254.005

ISBN: 9781462318254

Keywords: government cash management, cash management, debt management, financial policies, central bank, debt, cash flow

This technical note describes the interaction of government cash management with other financial policies. The note offers guidance on policy, institutional, and practical issues for governments looking to develop...

Democracy and Reforms
			: Evidence from a New Dataset

Democracy and Reforms : Evidence from a New Dataset »

Volume/Issue: 2010/173

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Antonio Spilimbergo , Paola Giuliano , and Prachi Mishra

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455201846.001

ISBN: 9781455201846

Keywords: institutions, transition, economic liberalization, correlation, statistical significance, neighboring countries, trade reforms, statistics, Comparative Studies of Countries, Macroeconomic - Aspects Of Public Finance

Empirical evidence on the relationship between democracy and economic reforms is limited to few reforms, countries, and years. This paper studies the impact of democracy on the adoption of economic reforms using a...

The Quality of Public Investment

The Quality of Public Investment »

Volume/Issue: 2009/154

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shankha Chakraborty , and Era Dabla-Norris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451873016.001

ISBN: 9781451873016

Keywords: Public Capital, private capital, investment spending, public investment spending, increasing returns,

This paper develops a growth model with specialized goods where inefficient and corrupt bureaucracies interact with the provision of public investment services in affecting the productivity of private capital, spec...

Is it (Still) Mostly Fiscal? Determinants of Sovereign Spreads in Emerging Markets

Is it (Still) Mostly Fiscal? Determinants of Sovereign Spreads in Emerging Markets »

Volume/Issue: 2008/259

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , Amine Mati , and Emanuele Baldacci

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451871173.001

ISBN: 9781451871173

Keywords: Sovereign spreads, political risk, bond, fiscal variables, bond spreads, fiscal balance,

Using a panel of 30 emerging market economies from 1997 to 2007, this paper investigates the determinants of country risk premiums as measured by sovereign bond spreads. Unlike previous studies, the results indicat...

Financial Integration and Risk-Adjusted Growth Opportunities

Financial Integration and Risk-Adjusted Growth Opportunities »

Volume/Issue: 2008/126

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Iryna Ivaschenko , and Gianni De Nicolo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451869866.001

ISBN: 9781451869866

Keywords: growth opportunities, openness, financial development, financial globalization, european financial integration, foreign assets, financial deepening,

This paper documents the evolution of measures of financial integration for major advanced and emerging markets economies, assesses whether advances in integration have had a significant positive impact on countrie...

Financial Market Implications of India's Pension Reform

Financial Market Implications of India's Pension Reform »

Volume/Issue: 2007/85

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Helene Poirson Ward

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451866490.001

ISBN: 9781451866490

Keywords: pension, bonds, pension funds, pension fund, pension reform, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation,

India's planned pension reform will set up a proper regulatory framework for the pension industry and open up the sector to private fund managers. Drawing on international experiences, the paper highlights pre-cond...