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Asia
			: A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts

Asia : A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts »

Volume/Issue: 2016/150

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lekha Chakraborty

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 July 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475519914.001

ISBN: 9781475519914

Keywords: India, Fiscal policy, Cross country analysis, Budgeting, Asia, Asia and Pacific, Australia, Philippines, Korea, Republic of, Gender

This paper reviews gender budgeting efforts in Asia. The countries in the region have achieved mixed success in improving gender equality. Gender budgeting is ideally a fiscal innovation that translates gender-rela...

Financial Decisions and Investment Outcomes in Developing Countries
			: The Role of Institutions

Financial Decisions and Investment Outcomes in Developing Countries : The Role of Institutions »

Volume/Issue: 2015/38

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rima Turk

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 February 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498359054.001

ISBN: 9781498359054

Keywords: Corporate Decisions, Legal Origin, Investor Protection, investment, investor, exchange,

This paper analyzes how differences in legal origin, judicial efficiency, and investor protection affect firm leverage and earnings volatility across developing countries. Using a large number of developing countri...

Central Counterparties
			: Addressing their Too Important to Fail Nature

Central Counterparties : Addressing their Too Important to Fail Nature »

Volume/Issue: 2015/21

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Froukelien Wendt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 January 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475572933.001

ISBN: 9781475572933

Keywords: central counterparties, interdependencies, too important to fail, recovery and resolution, risk waterfall, markets, market, default, liquidity, Government Policy and Regulation

Central counterparties (CCPs) can offer significant benefits to a market. However, CCPs are also highly interconnected with financial institutions and markets and therefore too important to fail. The increased volu...

Information Rigidities
			: Comparing Average and Individual Forecasts for a Large International Panel

Information Rigidities : Comparing Average and Individual Forecasts for a Large International Panel »

Volume/Issue: 2014/31

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jonas Dovern , Ulrich Fritsche , Prakash Loungani , and Natalia Tamirisa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484305201.001

ISBN: 9781484305201

Keywords: Rational inattention, aggregation bias, growth forecasts, information rigidity, forecast behaviour, emerging economies, econometrics, parameters, Forecasting and Simulation,

We study forecasts for real GDP growth using a large panel of individual forecasts from 36 advanced and emerging economies during 1989-2010. We show that the degree of information rigidity in average forecasts is s...

Quality of Government and Living Standards
			: Adjusting for the Efficiency of Public Spending

Quality of Government and Living Standards : Adjusting for the Efficiency of Public Spending »

Volume/Issue: 2012/182

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francesco Grigoli , and Eduardo Ley

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475505306.001

ISBN: 9781475505306

Keywords: System of National Accounts, Efficiency, Living Standards, national accounts, public spending, input-output, health care, Publicly Provided Goods: General, Public Economics: Miscellaneous Issues: General, Social Security and Public Pensions

It is generally acknowledged that the government's output is difficult to define and its value is hard to measure. The practical solution, adopted by national accounts systems, is to equate output to input costs. H...

Financing Infrastructure in India
			: Macroeconomic Lessons and Emerging Market Case Studies

Financing Infrastructure in India : Macroeconomic Lessons and Emerging Market Case Studies »

Volume/Issue: 2011/181

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): James Walsh , Jiangyan Yu , and Chanho Park

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462310296.001

ISBN: 9781462310296

Keywords: infrastructure financing, growth, capital market, bonds, investors, bond, bond market, stock market,

Driving infrastructure development, notably mobilizing financial resources for infrastructure projects, has been challenging in many countries. This study includes two parts: an empirical analysis of macroeconomic...

Unforeseen Events Wait Lurking
			: Estimating Policy Spillovers From U.S. to Foreign Asset Prices

Unforeseen Events Wait Lurking : Estimating Policy Spillovers From U.S. to Foreign Asset Prices »

Volume/Issue: 2011/183

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tamim Bayoumi , and Trung Bui

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462309290.001

ISBN: 9781462309290

Keywords: Event studies, policy announcements, interntational asset price transmission, bond yields, bond, foreign bond, equity prices, commodity prices, International Policy Coordination and Transmission, Corporate Finance and Governance: Government Policy and Regulation,

Event studies are used to analyze the impact of U.S. financial, fiscal, and monetary policies from US to foreign asset prices across a range of G20 countries and Switzerland. The initial announcement that the Admin...

Is it (Still) Mostly Fiscal? Determinants of Sovereign Spreads in Emerging Markets

Is it (Still) Mostly Fiscal? Determinants of Sovereign Spreads in Emerging Markets »

Volume/Issue: 2008/259

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , Amine Mati , and Emanuele Baldacci

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451871173.001

ISBN: 9781451871173

Keywords: Sovereign spreads, political risk, bond, fiscal variables, bond spreads, fiscal balance,

Using a panel of 30 emerging market economies from 1997 to 2007, this paper investigates the determinants of country risk premiums as measured by sovereign bond spreads. Unlike previous studies, the results indicat...

Banks and Labor as Stakeholders
			: Impact on Economic Performance

Banks and Labor as Stakeholders : Impact on Economic Performance »

Volume/Issue: 2008/229

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kenichi Ueda , and Stijn Claessens

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451870879.001

ISBN: 9781451870879

Keywords: stakeholders, shareholders&;amp;#x2019; maximization, financial liberalization, employment protection, employment, shareholders,

Traditionally, the impacts of the rights of financial institutions and workers on corporate performance have been analyzed independently. Yet, theory clearly indicates that the combination of relative powers of dif...

Capital Flows and Demographics-An Asian Perspective

Capital Flows and Demographics-An Asian Perspective »

Volume/Issue: 2008/8

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Erik Lueth

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451868708.001

ISBN: 9781451868708

Keywords: demographics, capital accounts, global capital flows, capital mobility, capital outflows,

This paper calibrates the production functions of 176 countries to fit 2003 data and examines the capital flows that emerge, when labor forces change according to the 2007 UN population projections. It finds that d...