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Protectionist Responses to the Crisis
			: Damage Observed in Product-Level Trade

Protectionist Responses to the Crisis : Damage Observed in Product-Level Trade »

Volume/Issue: 2011/139

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Brad McDonald , and Christian Henn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455265442.001

ISBN: 9781455265442

Keywords: Global Crisis, First-differenced Gravity Equation, Time-varying Fixed Effects, WTO, trade impact, import restrictions, trade flows, global trade, world trade, Trade: General

This paper investigates how trade flows are being affected by new discriminatory measures implemented during the global financial crisis. We match data on behind-the-border measures (e.g., bailouts and subsidies) a...

How Does Public External Debt Affect Corporate Borrowing Costs In Emerging Markets?

How Does Public External Debt Affect Corporate Borrowing Costs In Emerging Markets? »

Volume/Issue: 2009/266

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Oya Celasun , and Senay Agca

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451874112.001

ISBN: 9781451874112

Keywords: syndicated loans, yield spreads, creditor rights, public external debt, bond, external public debt,

Using data on syndicated loan issuances by emerging market firms, we find that an increase in the external debt of emerging market governments significantly raises the borrowing costs of the domestic corporate sect...

Sustaining Latin America's Resurgence
			: Some Historical Perspectives

Sustaining Latin America's Resurgence : Some Historical Perspectives »

Volume/Issue: 2006/252

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anoop Singh , and Martin Cerisola

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451865127.001

ISBN: 9781451865127

Keywords: Macroeconomic Policy, Policy Design and Consistency, Economic Growth, Open Economies, fiscal policy, exchange rate, exchange rate regimes, discretionary fiscal policy, exchange rates, Prices

This paper looks at the historical lessons that might serve to entrech Latin America's newly resurgent growth phase. It briefly reviews the post-World War II experiences in Latin America and Asia, focusing on the c...

IMF Staff Papers, Volume 53, No. 2

IMF Staff Papers, Volume 53, No. 2 »

Volume: 53

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 June 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589065178.024

ISBN: 9781589065178

Keywords: statistics, sovereign debt, probability, debt intolerance, equation, Analysis Of Variance, Bank Management, Banks And Banking. State Supervision, Cointegration, Compliance

Noteworthy among the six papers appearing in this latest issue of the IMF's peer-reviewed journal is another installment in the Special Data Section. Anthony Pellechio and John Cady from the IMF's Statistics Depart...

Tax Administration and the Small Taxpayer

Tax Administration and the Small Taxpayer »

Volume/Issue: 2004/2

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Parthasarathi Shome

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451974577.003

ISBN: 9781451974577

Keywords: Services sector, Tax policy, Tax administration, small taxpayers, large taxpayer units, tax administration and the small taxpayer, taxpayers, income tax, single tax, tax system,

Small taxpayers should pay their appropriate revenue share while their compliance costs should be reduced. This assumes importance as restructuring in emerging markets has meant rapid growth in services through sel...

Missing Link
			: Volatility and the Debt Intolerance Paradox

Missing Link : Volatility and the Debt Intolerance Paradox »

Volume/Issue: 2004/51

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luis Catão , and Sandeep Kapur

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451847147.001

ISBN: 9781451847147

Keywords: macroeconomic volatility, probability, statistics, debt intolerance, probabilities, International Lending and Debt Problems,

A striking feature of sovereign lending is that many countries with moderate debt-to-income ratios systematically face higher spreads and more stringent borrowing constraints than others with far higher debt ratios...

How Intensive Is Competition in the Emerging Markets? An Analysis of Corporate Rates of Return from Nine Emerging Markets

How Intensive Is Competition in the Emerging Markets? An Analysis of Corporate Rates of Return from Nine Emerging Markets »

Volume/Issue: 1999/32

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ajit Singh , Rudolph Matthias , and Jack Glen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451845099.001

ISBN: 9781451845099

Keywords: Corporate Rates of Return, Intensity of Competition, Emerging Markets, standard deviation, equation, statistic

This large empirical study of corporate profitability in emerging markets during the 1980s and 1990s measures the intensity of competition. Data on corporate rates of return, profit margins, and output-capital rati...

The IMF and Tax Reform

The IMF and Tax Reform »

Volume/Issue: 1990/39

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1990

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451977325.001

ISBN: 9781451977325

Keywords: taxation, tax reform, tax system, level of taxation, tax systems

The paper deals with the activities of Fund staff with taxation. It is made up of four parts. Part I outlines the connection between Fund major activities and taxation. Part II surveys general influences on Fund st...

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1986

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1986 »

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1986

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616352004.012

ISBN: 9781616352004

Keywords: foreign exchange, foreign currency, exchange control, exchange rate, foreign investment, foreign currencies, foreign trade, exchange rates, direct investment, exchange transactions

This report describes developments in the international exchange rate and restrictive systems. The period covered by this report is 1985 and, for major developments, the first quarter of 1986. The report highlights...

Effects of Slowdown in Industrial Countries on Growth in Non-Oil Developing Countries

Effects of Slowdown in Industrial Countries on Growth in Non-Oil Developing Countries »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mohsin Khan , and Morris Goldstein

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 August 1982

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557750624.084

ISBN: 9781557750624

Keywords: oil developing countries, exporters, export growth, oil exporters, oil exporting countries

One of the more important yet puzzling aspects of the recent global stagflation has been the rather surprising resiliency of growth rates of real income in non-oil developing countries during the 1973-80 period in...