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Financial Decisions and Investment Outcomes in Developing Countries
			: The Role of Institutions

Financial Decisions and Investment Outcomes in Developing Countries : The Role of Institutions »

Volume/Issue: 2015/38

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rima Turk

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 February 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498359054.001

ISBN: 9781498359054

Keywords: Corporate Decisions, Legal Origin, Investor Protection, investment, investor, exchange,

This paper analyzes how differences in legal origin, judicial efficiency, and investor protection affect firm leverage and earnings volatility across developing countries. Using a large number of developing countri...

Central Counterparties
			: Addressing their Too Important to Fail Nature

Central Counterparties : Addressing their Too Important to Fail Nature »

Volume/Issue: 2015/21

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Froukelien Wendt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 January 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475572933.001

ISBN: 9781475572933

Keywords: central counterparties, interdependencies, too important to fail, recovery and resolution, risk waterfall, markets, market, default, liquidity, Government Policy and Regulation

Central counterparties (CCPs) can offer significant benefits to a market. However, CCPs are also highly interconnected with financial institutions and markets and therefore too important to fail. The increased volu...

Information Rigidities
			: Comparing Average and Individual Forecasts for a Large International Panel

Information Rigidities : Comparing Average and Individual Forecasts for a Large International Panel »

Volume/Issue: 2014/31

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jonas Dovern , Ulrich Fritsche , Prakash Loungani , and Natalia Tamirisa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484305201.001

ISBN: 9781484305201

Keywords: Rational inattention, aggregation bias, growth forecasts, information rigidity, forecast behaviour, emerging economies, econometrics, parameters, Forecasting and Simulation,

We study forecasts for real GDP growth using a large panel of individual forecasts from 36 advanced and emerging economies during 1989-2010. We show that the degree of information rigidity in average forecasts is s...

Quality of Government and Living Standards
			: Adjusting for the Efficiency of Public Spending

Quality of Government and Living Standards : Adjusting for the Efficiency of Public Spending »

Volume/Issue: 2012/182

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francesco Grigoli , and Eduardo Ley

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475505306.001

ISBN: 9781475505306

Keywords: System of National Accounts, Efficiency, Living Standards, national accounts, public spending, input-output, health care, Publicly Provided Goods: General, Public Economics: Miscellaneous Issues: General, Social Security and Public Pensions

It is generally acknowledged that the government's output is difficult to define and its value is hard to measure. The practical solution, adopted by national accounts systems, is to equate output to input costs. H...

Russian Federation
			: Selected Issues Paper

Russian Federation : Selected Issues Paper »

Volume/Issue: 2011/295

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 September 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463904845.002

ISBN: 9781463904845

Keywords: inflation, inflation rates, monetary fund

This note focuses on Russia's monetary policy, which is moving toward low and stable inflation. This paper discusses two analytical measures to analyze the monetary policy-core inflation measure and a group of lead...

Russian Federation; Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation

Russian Federation; Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation »

Volume/Issue: 2011/294

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 September 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463904852.002

ISBN: 9781463904852

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, external debt, current account, central bank

The reports highlights that, even though the Russian economy has started reviving from the crisis, growth has been moderate and inflation high. Executive Directors have advised that the focus should be on reducing...

Financing Infrastructure in India
			: Macroeconomic Lessons and Emerging Market Case Studies

Financing Infrastructure in India : Macroeconomic Lessons and Emerging Market Case Studies »

Volume/Issue: 2011/181

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): James Walsh , Jiangyan Yu , and Chanho Park

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462310296.001

ISBN: 9781462310296

Keywords: infrastructure financing, growth, capital market, bonds, investors, bond, bond market, stock market,

Driving infrastructure development, notably mobilizing financial resources for infrastructure projects, has been challenging in many countries. This study includes two parts: an empirical analysis of macroeconomic...

Unforeseen Events Wait Lurking
			: Estimating Policy Spillovers From U.S. to Foreign Asset Prices

Unforeseen Events Wait Lurking : Estimating Policy Spillovers From U.S. to Foreign Asset Prices »

Volume/Issue: 2011/183

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tamim Bayoumi , and Trung Bui

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462309290.001

ISBN: 9781462309290

Keywords: Event studies, policy announcements, interntational asset price transmission, bond yields, bond, foreign bond, equity prices, commodity prices, International Policy Coordination and Transmission, Corporate Finance and Governance: Government Policy and Regulation,

Event studies are used to analyze the impact of U.S. financial, fiscal, and monetary policies from US to foreign asset prices across a range of G20 countries and Switzerland. The initial announcement that the Admin...

Reaching the MDGs
			: An Action Plan for Trade

Reaching the MDGs : An Action Plan for Trade »

Volume/Issue: 2010/14

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Brad McDonald , Rob Gregory , and Katrin Elborgh-Woytek

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455265343.004

ISBN: 9781455265343

Keywords: Exports, Export competitiveness, Emerging markets, Developed countries, Low-income developing countries, International trade, Millennium Development Goals, Trade integration, Tax reforms, Trade policy

The actions proposed here focus on trade integration, substantially increasing exports of the poorest countries and helping them to meet the Millennium Development Goals. As the foundation for these ambitions, we e...

Regional Economic Outlook, November 2008, Asia and Pacific

Regional Economic Outlook, November 2008, Asia and Pacific »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 November 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589067615.086

ISBN: 9781589067615

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, pension, pension funds, pension fund

The November 2008 Asia and Pacific REO focuses on the difficult economic environment facing policymakers in the region. Chapter 1 provides an overview of the outlook for the region. With growth slowing, and the glo...