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Contingent Liabilities from Banks
			: How to Track Them?

Contingent Liabilities from Banks : How to Track Them? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/255

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Serkan Arslanalp , and Yin Liao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 December 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513568560.001

ISBN: 9781513568560

Keywords: bank, banks, banking, risk, Government Policy and Regulation, All Countries,

In this paper, we develop a methodology to assess potential losses to the government that could arise from bank failures. The approach is intended to be simple, parsimonious, and used in real time. It generates an...

How Much is A Lot? Historical Evidence on the Size of Fiscal Adjustments

How Much is A Lot? Historical Evidence on the Size of Fiscal Adjustments »

Volume/Issue: 2014/179

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Julio Escolano , Laura Jaramillo , Carlos Mulas-Granados , and G. Terrier

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 September 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484378861.001

ISBN: 9781484378861

Keywords: Deficit, primary balance, size of adjustment, fiscal adjustments, fiscal consolidations, Structure and Scope of Government,

The sizeable fiscal consolidation required to stabilize the debt-to-GDP ratios in several countries in the aftermath of the global crisis raises a crucial question on its feasibility. To answer this question, we re...

Survey of Reserve Managers
			: Lessons from the Crisis

Survey of Reserve Managers : Lessons from the Crisis »

Volume/Issue: 2013/99

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Aideen Morahan , and Christian Mulder

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 May 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484308486.001

ISBN: 9781484308486

Keywords: Foreign Currency Reserves, reserve managers, central banks, currency composition, reserve management, central bank,

This paper reports in detail on a survey that was circulated to reserve managing central banks of IMF member countries in April 2012. The survey aims to gain further insight into how reserve managers have reacted t...

The Challenge of Enforcement in Securities Markets
			: Mission Impossible?

The Challenge of Enforcement in Securities Markets : Mission Impossible? »

Volume/Issue: 2009/168

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ana Carvajal , and Jennifer Elliott

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451873153.001

ISBN: 9781451873153

Keywords: court, securities regulation, court order, securities regulators, courts, Enforcement,

Weaknesses in the enforcement of regulation have been targeted by the G-20 as a priority concern for reform. But enforcement efforts in securities markets have proven difficult and uneven. The recent scandal in the...

Gender Budgeting

Gender Budgeting »

Volume/Issue: 2006/232

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Janet Stotsky

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451864922.001

ISBN: 9781451864922

Keywords: Gender budgeting, government budgets, gender inequalities, gender inequality, gender issues, National Budget,

Women are disadvantaged relative to men, according to key economic, social, and political measures of equality, but in many areas, such as education, differences are narrowing. The concept of externalities underlie...

How Should Subnational Government Borrowing Be Regulated? Some Cross-Country Empirical Evidence

How Should Subnational Government Borrowing Be Regulated? Some Cross-Country Empirical Evidence »

Volume/Issue: 2005/54

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexander Plekhanov , and Raju Singh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451860733.001

ISBN: 9781451860733

Keywords: Fiscal federalism, local government, budget deficit, fiscal discipline, subnational governments, fiscal imbalances, vertical fiscal imbalances, fiscal balances, fiscal balance, State and Local Borrowing,

Countries have adopted various institutional responses to subnational government borrowing. Using a sample of 44 countries 1982-2000, this paper provides a panel data analysis to determine the most effective borrow...

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1996

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1996 »

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451942712.012

ISBN: 9781451942712

Keywords: foreign exchange, foreign currency, exchange rate, exchange control, foreign investment, foreign currencies, exchange rates, exchange transactions, direct investment, foreign exchange transactions

Published since 1950, this authoritative annual reference is based upon a unique IMF database that tracks exchange and trade arrangements for the 187 IMF member countries, along with Hong Kong SAR, Aruba, and Curaç...

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1995

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1995 »

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451942651.012

ISBN: 9781451942651

Keywords: foreign exchange, foreign currency, exchange rate, exchange control, foreign investment, exchange rates, foreign currencies, exchange transactions, direct investment, direct investments

Published since 1950, this authoritative annual reference is based upon a unique IMF database that tracks exchange and trade arrangements for the 187 IMF member countries, along with Hong Kong SAR, Aruba, and Curaç...