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Financial Inclusion
			: Can it Meet Multiple Macroeconomic Goals?

Financial Inclusion : Can it Meet Multiple Macroeconomic Goals? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/17

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Ratna Sahay , Martin Cihak , Papa N'Diaye , Adolfo Barajas , Srobona Mitra , Annette Kyobe , Yen Mooi , and Reza Yousefi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513585154.006

ISBN: 9781513585154

Keywords: Financial services, Economic growth, Inclusive growth, Household credit, Business enterprises, Financial sector, Income inequality, Gender, Economic stability, Financial stability

Using several recently available global datasets, this Staff Discussion Note examines macroeconomic effects of financial inclusion. It finds significant benefits to economic growth from financial inclusion, but the...

Emerging Market Volatility
			: Lessons from The Taper Tantrum

Emerging Market Volatility : Lessons from The Taper Tantrum »

Volume/Issue: 2014/9

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Ratna Sahay , Vivek Arora , Athanasios Arvanitis , Hamid Faruqee , Papa N'Diaye , and Tommaso Mancini Griffoli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 October 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498318204.006

ISBN: 9781498318204

Keywords: Monetary policy, Emerging markets, United States, Capital flows, Financial markets, Capital market volatility, Macroprudential Policy, Developed countries, Tapering, unconventional monetary policy

Accommodative monetary policies in advanced economies have spurred increased capital inflows into emerging markets since the global financial crisis. Starting in May 2013, when the Federal Reserve publicly discusse...

Mauritius
			: 2013 Article IV Consultation

Mauritius : 2013 Article IV Consultation »

Volume/Issue: 2013/97

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 April 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484327432.002

ISBN: 9781484327432

Keywords: current account, external debt, public debt, debt sustainability, current account deficit

The article reviews Mauritius' developments and its macroeconomic policies for the imminent years. Growth has been flexible in these years but the postglobal crisis period did not show any remarkable developments....

Two Targets, Two Instruments
			: Monetary and Exchange Rate Policies in Emerging Market Economies

Two Targets, Two Instruments : Monetary and Exchange Rate Policies in Emerging Market Economies »

Volume/Issue: 2012/1

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Jonathan Ostry , Atish Ghosh , and Marcos Chamon

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 February 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475503623.006

ISBN: 9781475503623

Keywords: Emerging markets, Exchange rate policy, Central banks, Inflation targeting, Foreign exchange intervention, Monetary policy, exchange rate, inflation, central bank, foreign exchange

Staff Discussion Notes showcase the latest policy-related analysis and research being developed by individual IMF staff and are published to elicit comment and to further debate. These papers are generally brief an...

Treasury Single Account
			: An Essential Tool for Government Cash Management

Treasury Single Account : An Essential Tool for Government Cash Management »

Volume: 11

Series: Technical Notes and Manuals

Author(s): Israel Fainboim Yaker , and Sailendra Pattanayak

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 October 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475504699.005

ISBN: 9781475504699

Keywords: treasury single account, TSA, banking arrangement, bank accounts, cash management, liquidity management, treasury management, transaction processing, public financial management, bank

This technical note and manual addresses the following main issues: 1. Discusses the problems of fragmented government banking arrangements and how a treasury single account (TSA) could address them. 2. Explain...

Per Jacobsson Lecture
			: What Financial System for the Twenty-First Century?

Per Jacobsson Lecture : What Financial System for the Twenty-First Century? »

Series: Other Periodicals

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 October 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463904340.029

ISBN: 9781463904340

Keywords: banking, financial system, financial institutions, financial sector, banking system

This paper describes a financial system that should be adopted for the 21st century. The paper highlights that the financial crisis of 2008 has raised fundamental questions about how the financial industry is struc...

Russian Federation
			: Selected Issues Paper

Russian Federation : Selected Issues Paper »

Volume/Issue: 2011/295

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 September 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463904845.002

ISBN: 9781463904845

Keywords: inflation, inflation rates, monetary fund

This note focuses on Russia's monetary policy, which is moving toward low and stable inflation. This paper discusses two analytical measures to analyze the monetary policy-core inflation measure and a group of lead...

Russian Federation; Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation

Russian Federation; Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation »

Volume/Issue: 2011/294

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 September 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463904852.002

ISBN: 9781463904852

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, external debt, current account, central bank

The reports highlights that, even though the Russian economy has started reviving from the crisis, growth has been moderate and inflation high. Executive Directors have advised that the focus should be on reducing...

Internationaler Währungsfonds, Jahresbericht 2011
			: Ausgewogenes Wachstum Verfolgen Für Alle

Internationaler Währungsfonds, Jahresbericht 2011 : Ausgewogenes Wachstum Verfolgen Für Alle »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2011

Language: German

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616351144.011

ISBN: 9781616351144

Keywords: Fy2011, IMF Financing, IMF Accountability, IMF Surveillance, IMF Governance, financial sector, financial stability, debt relief, statistics, balance of payments

The IMF's 2011 Annual Report chronicles the response of the Fund's Executive Board and staff to the global financial crisis and other events during financial year 2011, which covers the period from May 1, 2010, thr...

Reaching the MDGs
			: An Action Plan for Trade

Reaching the MDGs : An Action Plan for Trade »

Volume/Issue: 2010/14

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Brad McDonald , Rob Gregory , and Katrin Elborgh-Woytek

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455265343.004

ISBN: 9781455265343

Keywords: Exports, Export competitiveness, Emerging markets, Developed countries, Low-income developing countries, International trade, Millennium Development Goals, Trade integration, Tax reforms, Trade policy

The actions proposed here focus on trade integration, substantially increasing exports of the poorest countries and helping them to meet the Millennium Development Goals. As the foundation for these ambitions, we e...