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Regional Economic Outlook, April 2019, Sub-Saharan Africa

Recovery Amid Elevated Uncertainty

The economic recovery in sub-Saharan Africa is expected to continue, but at a slower pace than envisaged in October 2018.

Global Financial Stability Report, April 2019

Vulnerabilities in a Maturing Credit Cycle

The April 2019 GFSR finds that despite significant variability over the past two quarters, financial conditions remain accommodative.

Contingent Liabilities from Banks
			: How to Track Them?

Contingent Liabilities from Banks : How to Track Them? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/255

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Serkan Arslanalp , and Yin Liao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 December 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513568560.001

ISBN: 9781513568560

Keywords: bank, banks, banking, risk, Government Policy and Regulation, All Countries,

In this paper, we develop a methodology to assess potential losses to the government that could arise from bank failures. The approach is intended to be simple, parsimonious, and used in real time. It generates an...

Are Capital Inflows Expansionary or Contractionary? Theory, Policy Implications, and Some Evidence

Are Capital Inflows Expansionary or Contractionary? Theory, Policy Implications, and Some Evidence »

Volume/Issue: 2015/226

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Olivier Blanchard , Jonathan Ostry , Atish Ghosh , and Marcos Chamon

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 October 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513500805.001

ISBN: 9781513500805

Keywords: capital inflows, bonds, bond, return, domestic bonds, All Countries, apital inflows,

The workhorse open-economy macro model suggests that capital inflows are contractionary because they appreciate the currency and reduce net exports. Emerging market policy makers however believe that inflows lead t...

What Measure of Inflation Should a Developing Country Central Bank Target?

What Measure of Inflation Should a Developing Country Central Bank Target? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/205

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rahul Anand , Eswar Prasad , and Boyang Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513572574.001

ISBN: 9781513572574

Keywords: monetary policy framework, core inflation, headline inflation, financial frictions, inflation, economies, welfare, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments, and Effects),

In closed or open economy models with complete markets, targeting core inflation enables monetary policy to maximize welfare by replicating the flexible price equilibrium. We analyze this result in the context of d...

From Ambition to Execution
			: Policies in Support of Sustainable Development Goals

From Ambition to Execution : Policies in Support of Sustainable Development Goals »

Volume/Issue: 2015/18

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Stefania Fabrizio , Rodrigo Garcia-Verdu , Catherine Pattillo , Adrian Peralta-Alva , Andrea Presbitero , Baoping Shang , Genevieve Verdier , Marie-Therese Camilleri , Kazuaki Washimi , Lisa Kolovich , Monique Newiak , Martin Cihak , Inci Otker , Luis-Felipe Zanna , and Carol Baker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 September 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513573304.006

ISBN: 9781513573304

Keywords: Inclusive growth, Income inequality, Gender, Environmental sustainability, Sustainable development, Fiscal policy, Developing countries, sustainable development goals, growth, structural transformation

The formal launch of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) sets the global development agenda through 2030, placing significant emphasis on promoting social and environmental sustainability alongside economic gr...

Financial Inclusion
			: Can it Meet Multiple Macroeconomic Goals?

Financial Inclusion : Can it Meet Multiple Macroeconomic Goals? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/17

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Ratna Sahay , Martin Cihak , Papa N'Diaye , Adolfo Barajas , Srobona Mitra , Annette Kyobe , Yen Mooi , and Reza Yousefi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513585154.006

ISBN: 9781513585154

Keywords: Financial services, Economic growth, Inclusive growth, Household credit, Business enterprises, Financial sector, Income inequality, Gender, Economic stability, Financial stability

Using several recently available global datasets, this Staff Discussion Note examines macroeconomic effects of financial inclusion. It finds significant benefits to economic growth from financial inclusion, but the...

Price and Income Elasticity of Indian Exports-The Role of Supply-Side Bottlenecks

Price and Income Elasticity of Indian Exports-The Role of Supply-Side Bottlenecks »

Volume/Issue: 2015/161

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mehdi Raissi , and Volodymyr Tulin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 July 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513544816.001

ISBN: 9781513544816

Keywords: export demand, income and price elasticity, energy shortages, demand, supply, supply-side, price elasticity, income elasticity, Models with Panel Data, Country and Industry Studies of Trade,

This paper estimates the short-term and long-run price and income elasticity of Indian exports, and investigates the role of supply-side bottlenecks in shaping India's export demand relationship. We use disaggregat...

The Quest for the Holy Grail
			: Efficient and Equitable Fiscal Consolidation in India

The Quest for the Holy Grail : Efficient and Equitable Fiscal Consolidation in India »

Volume/Issue: 2015/152

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Chadi Abdallah , David Coady , Sanjeev Gupta , and Emine Hanedar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 July 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513592657.001

ISBN: 9781513592657

Keywords: fiscal redistribution, efficient consumption taxes, social transfers, targeting, income, tax, prices, share, taxes, General

Achieving fiscal consolidation without undermining growth and poverty-reduction efforts is a key policy challenge in many countries. Using India as an illustration, this paper shows how a mix of well-designed taxat...

Monetary Policy in India
			: Transmission to Bank Interest Rates

Monetary Policy in India : Transmission to Bank Interest Rates »

Volume/Issue: 2015/129

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sonali Das

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 June 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513598796.001

ISBN: 9781513598796

Keywords: Monetary policy transmission, deposit rates, monetary policy, interest, interest rates, lending, bank interest rates, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments, and Effects),

This paper provides new evidence on the credit channel of monetary policy transmission in India. Using stepwise estimation of vector error correction models, the analysis finds significant, albeit slow, pass-throug...

Push Factors and Capital Flows to Emerging Markets
			: Why Knowing Your Lender Matters More Than Fundamentals

Push Factors and Capital Flows to Emerging Markets : Why Knowing Your Lender Matters More Than Fundamentals »

Volume/Issue: 2015/127

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eugenio Cerutti , Stijn Claessens , and Damien Puy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 June 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513526638.001

ISBN: 9781513526638

Keywords: Push factors, global banks, markets, portfolio, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration, Portfolio Choice,

This paper analyzes the behavior of gross capital inflows across 34 emerging markets (EMs). We first confirm that aggregate inflows to EMs co-move considerably. We then report three findings: (i) the aggregate co-m...

Make in India
			: Which Exports Can Drive the Next Wave of Growth?

Make in India : Which Exports Can Drive the Next Wave of Growth? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/119

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rahul Anand , Kalpana Kochhar , and Saurabh Mishra

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 May 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513597393.001

ISBN: 9781513597393

Keywords: Growth, Innovations, transport, travel, vehicles, transportation, infrastructure, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Comparative Studies of Countries,

Structural transformation depends not only on how much countries export but also on what they export and with whom they trade. This paper breaks new ground in analyzing India's exports by the technological content,...