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Finance and Development March 2016

Finance and Development March 2016 »

Volume/Issue: 53/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Communications Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513570532.022

ISBN: 9781513570532

Keywords: Finance and Development, population, population growth, workforce, monetary fund, finance

This article profiles economist David Card, whose work on minimum wages, immigration, and education challenged conventional wisdom. Card rose to prominence in 1995 when he won the coveted John Bates Clark Medal, th...

Pilot Project on Concentration and Distribution Measures for a Selected Set of Financial Soundness Indicators

Pilot Project on Concentration and Distribution Measures for a Selected Set of Financial Soundness Indicators »

Volume/Issue: 2016/26

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Joseph Crowley , Plapa Koukpamou , Elena Loukoianova , and André Mialou

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498337014.001

ISBN: 9781498337014

Keywords: Financial Soundness Indicators, Concentration and Distribution Measures, institutions, data, pilot project, confidentiality, information, General, All Countries, Fiscal Crisis,

This paper reports the main findings of a pilot project launched in July 2014 by the IMF’s Statistics Department to test augmenting the IMF’s financial soundness indicators (FSIs) with concentration and distributio...

Trends in Gender Equality and Women’s Advancement

Trends in Gender Equality and Women’s Advancement »

Volume/Issue: 2016/21

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Janet Stotsky , Sakina Shibuya , Lisa Kolovich , and Suhaib Kebhaj

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 February 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475592955.001

ISBN: 9781475592955

Keywords: Economics of gender, gender indicators, indices, women, gender equality, life expectancy, mortality, maternal mortality, General, All Countries

This paper examines trends in indicators of gender equality and women’s development, using evidence derived from individual indicators and gender equality indices. We extend both the United Nations Development Prog...

Macroeconomic Impacts of Gender Inequality and Informality in India

Macroeconomic Impacts of Gender Inequality and Informality in India »

Volume/Issue: 2016/16

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Purva Khera

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 February 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475590784.001

ISBN: 9781475590784

Keywords: gender inequality, informality, DSGE model, Indian economy, Bayesian estimation, labor market, labor, workers, unemployment, labor force

This paper examines the macroeconomic interaction between informality and gender inequality in the labor market. A dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model is built to study the impact of gender-targeted polici...

Understanding India’s Food Inflation

Understanding India’s Food Inflation »

Volume/Issue: 2016/2

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rahul Anand , Naresh Kumar , and Volodymyr Tulin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 January 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513581347.001

ISBN: 9781513581347

Keywords: food inflation, cereal buffer stocks, food, cereals, rice, wheat, food supply, Forecasting and Simulation, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments

Over the past decade, India has seen a prolonged period of high inflation, to a large extent driven by persistently-high food inflation. This paper investigates the demand and supply factors behind the contribution...

Corporate Investment in Emerging Markets
			: Financing vs. Real Options Channel

Corporate Investment in Emerging Markets : Financing vs. Real Options Channel »

Volume/Issue: 2015/285

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Delong Li , Nicolas Magud , and Fabian Valencia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 December 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513539935.001

ISBN: 9781513539935

Keywords: financial frictions, real options, uncertainty shocks, interest, interest rates, markets, cash flows, General, All Countries,

We examine how firm and country heterogeneity shape the response of corporate investment in emerging markets to changes in global interest rates and volatility. We test for the presence of (i) a financing channel o...

Crowding-Out or Crowding-In? Public and Private Investment in India

Crowding-Out or Crowding-In? Public and Private Investment in India »

Volume/Issue: 2015/264

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Girish Bahal , Mehdi Raissi , and Volodymyr Tulin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 December 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513541655.001

ISBN: 9781513541655

Keywords: Public investment, Private investment, Crowding in, Crowding out, Permanent shocks, Structural identification, Vector error correction models, investment, capital, investment activity

This paper contributes to the debate on the relationship between public-capital accumulation and private investment in India along the following dimensions. First, acknowledging major structural changes that the In...

Contingent Liabilities from Banks
			: How to Track Them?

Contingent Liabilities from Banks : How to Track Them? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/255

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Serkan Arslanalp , and Yin Liao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 December 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513568560.001

ISBN: 9781513568560

Keywords: bank, banks, banking, risk, Government Policy and Regulation, All Countries,

In this paper, we develop a methodology to assess potential losses to the government that could arise from bank failures. The approach is intended to be simple, parsimonious, and used in real time. It generates an...

Are Capital Inflows Expansionary or Contractionary? Theory, Policy Implications, and Some Evidence

Are Capital Inflows Expansionary or Contractionary? Theory, Policy Implications, and Some Evidence »

Volume/Issue: 2015/226

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Olivier Blanchard , Jonathan Ostry , Atish Ghosh , and Marcos Chamon

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 October 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513500805.001

ISBN: 9781513500805

Keywords: capital inflows, bonds, bond, return, domestic bonds, All Countries, apital inflows,

The workhorse open-economy macro model suggests that capital inflows are contractionary because they appreciate the currency and reduce net exports. Emerging market policy makers however believe that inflows lead t...

What Measure of Inflation Should a Developing Country Central Bank Target?

What Measure of Inflation Should a Developing Country Central Bank Target? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/205

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rahul Anand , Eswar Prasad , and Boyang Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513572574.001

ISBN: 9781513572574

Keywords: monetary policy framework, core inflation, headline inflation, financial frictions, inflation, economies, welfare, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments, and Effects),

In closed or open economy models with complete markets, targeting core inflation enables monetary policy to maximize welfare by replicating the flexible price equilibrium. We analyze this result in the context of d...