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Challenges in Expanding Development Assistance

Challenges in Expanding Development Assistance »

Volume/Issue: 2002/5

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Peter Heller , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451972788.003

ISBN: 9781451972788

Keywords: Absorptive capacity, Poverty, Foreign aid, ODA, international public goods, exchange rate, capita income, industrial countries, real exchange, public goods

This paper highlights the macro and microeconomic challenges associated with success of the effort to mobilize 0.7 percent of GNP for official development assistance (ODA). To promote achievement of the Millennium...

Mind the Gap-Is Economic Growth in India Leaving Some States Behind?

Mind the Gap-Is Economic Growth in India Leaving Some States Behind? »

Volume/Issue: 2006/103

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Catriona Purfield

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451863635.001

ISBN: 9781451863635

Keywords: Conversions, State Level Growth, employment, per capita income, growth rates, growth rate, General Outlook and Conditions, Economic Development: Regional, Urban, and Rural Analyses

This paper examines how growth has varied across India's states. It finds that (i) the income gap between rich and poor states has widened; (ii) rich and faster-growing states have been more effective in reducing p...

Accelerating And Sustaining Growth
			: Economic and Political Lessons

Accelerating And Sustaining Growth : Economic and Political Lessons »

Volume/Issue: 2012/185

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arvind Virmani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475505337.001

ISBN: 9781475505337

Keywords: High Growth Economies, Policy Reforms, Timing and Phasing., import liberalization, competitive pressure, external shocks, per capita income, per capita growth rate, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity: General

The paper reviews and draws lessons from the experience of fast growing economies including a sub-set of these termed High Growth Economies (HGEs) with a decadal rate of over 7 per cent. It then reviews the history...

Asia
			: A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts

Asia : A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts »

Volume/Issue: 2016/150

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lekha Chakraborty

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 July 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475519914.001

ISBN: 9781475519914

Keywords: India, Fiscal policy, Cross country analysis, Budgeting, Asia, Asia and Pacific, Australia, Philippines, Korea, Republic of, Gender

This paper reviews gender budgeting efforts in Asia. The countries in the region have achieved mixed success in improving gender equality. Gender budgeting is ideally a fiscal innovation that translates gender-rela...

Balance Sheet Vulnerabilities of Mauritius During a Decade of Shocks

Balance Sheet Vulnerabilities of Mauritius During a Decade of Shocks »

Volume/Issue: 2010/148

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Patrick Imam , and Rainer Koehler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455201310.001

ISBN: 9781455201310

Keywords: Balance Sheet Analysis, shocks, crisis, domestic currency, central bank, currency mismatch, financial sector, financial derivatives, Financial Economics: General, Public Economics: General,

After reviewing the economic reform strategy of Mauritius for the past 10 years in the face of several external shocks, we apply a balance sheet analysis (BSA) focusing on currency, maturity, and intersectoral mism...

Bank Ownership and the Effects of Financial Liberalization
			: Evidence from India

Bank Ownership and the Effects of Financial Liberalization : Evidence from India »

Volume/Issue: 2011/50

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Poonam Gupta , Kalpana Kochhar , and Sanjaya Panth

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455218929.001

ISBN: 9781455218929

Keywords: banking reforms, financial liberalization, bank ownership, government securities, banking, investment in government securities, banking sector, state bank, General Financial Markets: Government Policy and Regulation, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation,

Do financial sector reforms necessarily result in expansion of credit to the private sector? How does bank ownership affect the availability of credit to the private sector? Empirical evidence is somewhat mixed on...

Barriers to Household Risk Management
			: Evidence from India

Barriers to Household Risk Management : Evidence from India »

Volume/Issue: 2012/195

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Robert Townsend , Shawn Cole , Jeremy Tobacman , Xavier Gine , James Vickery , and Petia Topalova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475505443.001

ISBN: 9781475505443

Keywords: Household Finance, Trust, Liquidity Constraints, insurance contracts, insurance policies, risk aversion, basis risk, Field Experiments, Household Production and Intrahousehold Allocation, Financial Institutions and Services: General,

Why do many households remain exposed to large exogenous sources of non-systematic income risk? We use a series of randomized field experiments in rural India to test the importance of price and non-price factors i...

Causes of Asset Shortages in Emerging Markets

Causes of Asset Shortages in Emerging Markets »

Volume/Issue: 2011/114

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jiaqian Chen , and Patrick Imam

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455262373.001

ISBN: 9781455262373

Keywords: Asset Shortage, Emerging Market, Capital Market, Regulation, financial assets, interest rates, capital markets, capital account, pension funds, Money and Interest Rates: General

We first illustrate that emerging markets (EMs) face a shortage of financial assets, with financial assets not growing as rapidly as domestic savings. We then estimate the asset shortage in EMs for 1995-2008. We de...

Columbia or High School? Understanding the Roles of Education in Development

Columbia or High School? Understanding the Roles of Education in Development »

Volume/Issue: 2002/36

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rodney Ramcharan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451845464.001

ISBN: 9781451845464

Keywords: growth, schooling, secondary schooling, educational investment, secondary education, educational attainment, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models

No country has achieved sustained economic development without investment in education. Thus, education policy can play a vital role in facilitating development. But which types of schooling-secondary or tertiary-s...

Competition in the Financial Sector
			: Overview of Competition Policies

Competition in the Financial Sector : Overview of Competition Policies »

Volume/Issue: 2009/45

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stijn Claessens

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451871937.001

ISBN: 9781451871937

Keywords: competition policy, contestability, stability, degree of competition, General Financial Markets: General (includes Measurement and Data), General Financial Markets: Government Policy and Regulation, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation, Market Structure, Firm Strategy, And Market Performance

As in other sectors, competition in finance matters for allocative, productive and dynamic efficiency. Theory suggests, however, that unfettered competition is not first best given the special features of finance....