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IMF Conditionality and Country Ownership of Programs

IMF Conditionality and Country Ownership of Programs »

Volume/Issue: 2001/142

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mohsin Khan , and Sunil Sharma

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451856255.001

ISBN: 9781451856255

Keywords: IMF-supported programs, ownership, principal-agent, moral-hazard, structural conditionality, moral hazard, capital markets, international capital markets, Asymmetric and Private Information, International Lending and Debt Problems

The paper uses finance and agency theory to establish two main propositions: First, that the conditionality attached to adjustment programs supported by the IMF is justified. Second, that ownership of programs by t...

Information Rigidities
			: Comparing Average and Individual Forecasts for a Large International Panel

Information Rigidities : Comparing Average and Individual Forecasts for a Large International Panel »

Volume/Issue: 2014/31

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jonas Dovern , Ulrich Fritsche , Prakash Loungani , and Natalia Tamirisa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484305201.001

ISBN: 9781484305201

Keywords: Rational inattention, aggregation bias, growth forecasts, information rigidity, forecast behaviour, emerging economies, econometrics, parameters, Forecasting and Simulation,

We study forecasts for real GDP growth using a large panel of individual forecasts from 36 advanced and emerging economies during 1989-2010. We show that the degree of information rigidity in average forecasts is s...

Measuring Oil-Price Shocks Using Market-Based Information

Measuring Oil-Price Shocks Using Market-Based Information »

Volume/Issue: 2012/19

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tao Wu , and Michele Cavallo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463931810.001

ISBN: 9781463931810

Keywords: Oil Shocks, Market-Based Information, VAR Identification, oil market, opec, equation, oil demand, Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models: Time-Series Models, Methodology for Collecting, Estimating

We study the effects of oil-price shocks on the U.S. economy combining narrative and quantitative approaches. After examining daily oil-related events since 1984, we classify them into various event types. We then...

Structural Reforms and Regional Convergence

Structural Reforms and Regional Convergence »

Volume/Issue: 2012/106

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Antonio Spilimbergo , and Natasha Che

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475503272.001

ISBN: 9781475503272

Keywords: Structural reforms, regional convergence, equation, wage, minimum wage, severance payment, statistics, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Economic Development: Regional, Urban

Which structural reforms affect the speed the regional convergence within a country? We found that domestic financial development, trade/current account openness, better institutional infrastructure, and selected l...

The Persistence of Corruption and Regulatory Compliance Failures
			: Theory and Evidence

The Persistence of Corruption and Regulatory Compliance Failures : Theory and Evidence »

Volume/Issue: 2003/172

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Per Fredriksson , Muthukumara Mani , and Richard Damania

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451858594.001

ISBN: 9781451858594

Keywords: rule of law, lobbying, political instability, bureaucracy, judicial efficiency, political stability, political economy, common law, judicial system, Models of Political Processes: Rent-seeking

This paper examines the reasons why corruption and policy distortions tend to exhibit a high degree of persistence in certain regimes. We identify circumstances under which a firm seeks to evade regulations by (1)...

Tourism Specialization and Economic Development
			: Evidence from the UNESCO World Heritage List

Tourism Specialization and Economic Development : Evidence from the UNESCO World Heritage List »

Volume/Issue: 2009/176

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): John Piotrowski , Rabah Arezki , and Reda Cherif

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451873238.001

ISBN: 9781451873238

Keywords: economic development and growth and instrumental variables, unesco world heritage, heritage, world heritage,

The present paper investigates whether tourism specialization is a viable strategy for development. We estimate standard growth equations augmented with a variable measuring tourism specialization using instrumenta...