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Uncertainty and the Employment Dynamics of Small and Large Businesses

Uncertainty and the Employment Dynamics of Small and Large Businesses »

Volume/Issue: 2015/4

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vivek Ghosal , and Yang Ye

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 January 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475552515.001

ISBN: 9781475552515

Keywords: uncertainty, small businesses, real-options, financing-constraints, costs, gdp, forecasting, variables, investment, General

We examine the impact of uncertainty on employment dynamics. Alternative measures of uncertainty are constructed based on the survey of professional forecasters, and regressionbased forecasting models for GDP growt...

Low-Income Countries' BRIC Linkage
			: Are there Growth Spillovers?

Low-Income Countries' BRIC Linkage : Are there Growth Spillovers? »

Volume/Issue: 2011/267

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Issouf Samaké , and Yongzheng Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463924669.001

ISBN: 9781463924669

Keywords: low-income countries, BRICs, Global VAR, Structural VAR, exporters, commodity prices, oil exporters, commodity exporters, oil prices, Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models: Time-Series Models

Trade and financial ties between low-income countries (LICs) and Brazil, Russia, India, and China (BRICs) have expanded rapidly in recent years. This gives rise to the potential for growth to spill over from the la...

Trade, Growth, and Poverty
			: A Selective Survey

Trade, Growth, and Poverty : A Selective Survey »

Volume/Issue: 2003/30

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrew Berg , and Anne Krueger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451844931.001

ISBN: 9781451844931

Keywords: growth, trade protection, openness, trade liberalization, tariff rates, trade openness, average tariff, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Economic Growth of Open Economies, Welfare and Poverty: General,

This survey of the recent literature asks: how important is trade policy for poverty reduction? We consider the effects of openness on poverty in two components: the effect of openness on average income growth, and...

Columbia or High School? Understanding the Roles of Education in Development

Columbia or High School? Understanding the Roles of Education in Development »

Volume/Issue: 2002/36

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rodney Ramcharan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451845464.001

ISBN: 9781451845464

Keywords: growth, schooling, secondary schooling, educational investment, secondary education, educational attainment, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models

No country has achieved sustained economic development without investment in education. Thus, education policy can play a vital role in facilitating development. But which types of schooling-secondary or tertiary-s...