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Determinants of Development Financing Flows From Brazil, Russia, India, and China to Low-Income Countries

Determinants of Development Financing Flows From Brazil, Russia, India, and China to Low-Income Countries »

Source: Determinants of Development Financing Flows From Brazil, Russia, India, and China to Low-Income Countries

Volume/Issue: 2011/255

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nkunde Mwase

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2011

ISBN: 9781463923914

Keywords: BRICs, Low-Income Countries, Panel VAR, Panel OLS, Concessionality, loan financing, bank debt, equation, dummy variable, error variance

BRICs development financing flows have increased significantly and are expected to become more prominent in the post-crisis era. We investigate the potential implications on the country-allocation of loan commitmen...

Export Versus FDI in Services

Export Versus FDI in Services »

Source: Export Versus FDI in Services

Volume/Issue: 2010/290

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2010

ISBN: 9781455211715

Keywords: FDI, Heterogeneous firms, Uncertainty, statistics, equation, prediction, predictions, International Factor Movements and International Business: General, International Finance: General,

In the literature on exports and investment, most productive firms are seen to invest abroad. In the Helpman et al. (2004) model, costs of transportation play a critical role in the decision about whether to serve...

Firm Productivity, innovation and Financial Development

Firm Productivity, innovation and Financial Development »

Source: Firm Productivity, innovation and Financial Development

Volume/Issue: 2010/49

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Genevieve Verdier , Erasmus Kersting , and Era Dabla-Norris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2010

ISBN: 9781451963250

Keywords: innovation, survey data, financial development., survey, dummy variable, equation, stock market, Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives, Financial Development, General Financial Markets,

How do firm-specific actions-in particular, innovation-affect firm productivity? And what is the role of the financial sector in facilitating higher productivity? Using a rich firm-level dataset, we find that innov...

How Intensive Is Competition in the Emerging Markets? An Analysis of Corporate Rates of Return from Nine Emerging Markets

How Intensive Is Competition in the Emerging Markets? An Analysis of Corporate Rates of Return from Nine Emerging Markets »

Source: How Intensive Is Competition in the Emerging Markets? An Analysis of Corporate Rates of Return from Nine Emerging Markets

Volume/Issue: 1999/32

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ajit Singh , Rudolph Matthias , and Jack Glen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1999

ISBN: 9781451845099

Keywords: Corporate Rates of Return, Intensity of Competition, Emerging Markets, standard deviation, equation, statistic

This large empirical study of corporate profitability in emerging markets during the 1980s and 1990s measures the intensity of competition. Data on corporate rates of return, profit margins, and output-capital rati...

Determinants of Development Financing Flows From Brazil, Russia, India, and China to Low-Income Countries

Determinants of Development Financing Flows From Brazil, Russia, India, and China to Low-Income Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2011/255

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nkunde Mwase

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463923914.001

ISBN: 9781463923914

Keywords: BRICs, Low-Income Countries, Panel VAR, Panel OLS, Concessionality, loan financing, bank debt, equation, dummy variable, error variance

BRICs development financing flows have increased significantly and are expected to become more prominent in the post-crisis era. We investigate the potential implications on the country-allocation of loan commitmen...

Export Versus FDI in Services

Export Versus FDI in Services »

Volume/Issue: 2010/290

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455211715.001

ISBN: 9781455211715

Keywords: FDI, Heterogeneous firms, Uncertainty, statistics, equation, prediction, predictions, International Factor Movements and International Business: General, International Finance: General,

In the literature on exports and investment, most productive firms are seen to invest abroad. In the Helpman et al. (2004) model, costs of transportation play a critical role in the decision about whether to serve...

Firm Productivity, innovation and Financial Development

Firm Productivity, innovation and Financial Development »

Volume/Issue: 2010/49

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Genevieve Verdier , Erasmus Kersting , and Era Dabla-Norris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451963250.001

ISBN: 9781451963250

Keywords: innovation, survey data, financial development., survey, dummy variable, equation, stock market, Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives, Financial Development, General Financial Markets,

How do firm-specific actions-in particular, innovation-affect firm productivity? And what is the role of the financial sector in facilitating higher productivity? Using a rich firm-level dataset, we find that innov...

How Intensive Is Competition in the Emerging Markets? An Analysis of Corporate Rates of Return from Nine Emerging Markets

How Intensive Is Competition in the Emerging Markets? An Analysis of Corporate Rates of Return from Nine Emerging Markets »

Volume/Issue: 1999/32

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ajit Singh , Rudolph Matthias , and Jack Glen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451845099.001

ISBN: 9781451845099

Keywords: Corporate Rates of Return, Intensity of Competition, Emerging Markets, standard deviation, equation, statistic

This large empirical study of corporate profitability in emerging markets during the 1980s and 1990s measures the intensity of competition. Data on corporate rates of return, profit margins, and output-capital rati...

Incorporating Market Information into the Construction of the Fan Chart

Incorporating Market Information into the Construction of the Fan Chart »

Volume/Issue: 2009/178

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Prakash Kannan , and Selim Elekdag

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451873252.001

ISBN: 9781451873252

Keywords: Fan Chart, Balance of Risks, Option Prices, Consensus Forecasts, risk factors, survey, skewness, normal distribution, equation,

This paper develops a simple procedure for incorporating market-based information into the construction of fan charts. Using the International Monetary Fund (IMF)'s global growth forecast as a working example, the...

Innovation in Banking and Excessive Loan Growth

Innovation in Banking and Excessive Loan Growth »

Volume/Issue: 2008/188

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451870466.001

ISBN: 9781451870466

Keywords: credit screening, loan quality, signaling games, incentive compatibility, probability, banking, equation, banking system, banks ? loan,

The volume of credit extended by a bank can be an informative signal of its abilities in loan selection and management. It is shown that, under asymmetric information, banks may therefore rationally lend more than...