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Quality of Government and Living Standards
			: Adjusting for the Efficiency of Public Spending

Quality of Government and Living Standards : Adjusting for the Efficiency of Public Spending »

Volume/Issue: 2012/182

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francesco Grigoli , and Eduardo Ley

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475505306.001

ISBN: 9781475505306

Keywords: System of National Accounts, Efficiency, Living Standards, national accounts, public spending, input-output, health care, Publicly Provided Goods: General, Public Economics: Miscellaneous Issues: General, Social Security and Public Pensions

It is generally acknowledged that the government's output is difficult to define and its value is hard to measure. The practical solution, adopted by national accounts systems, is to equate output to input costs. H...

Quality of Government and Living Standards

Quality of Government and Living Standards »

Source: Quality of Government and Living Standards : Adjusting for the Efficiency of Public Spending

Volume/Issue: 2012/182

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francesco Grigoli , and Eduardo Ley

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2012

ISBN: 9781475505306

Keywords: System of National Accounts, Efficiency, Living Standards, national accounts, public spending, input-output, health care, Publicly Provided Goods: General, Public Economics: Miscellaneous Issues: General, Social Security and Public Pensions

It is generally acknowledged that the government's output is difficult to define and its value is hard to measure. The practical solution, adopted by national accounts systems, is to equate output to input costs. H...

Causes of Asset Shortages in Emerging Markets

Causes of Asset Shortages in Emerging Markets »

Source: Causes of Asset Shortages in Emerging Markets

Volume/Issue: 2011/114

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jiaqian Chen , and Patrick Imam

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2011

ISBN: 9781455262373

Keywords: Asset Shortage, Emerging Market, Capital Market, Regulation, financial assets, interest rates, capital markets, capital account, pension funds, Money and Interest Rates: General

We first illustrate that emerging markets (EMs) face a shortage of financial assets, with financial assets not growing as rapidly as domestic savings. We then estimate the asset shortage in EMs for 1995-2008. We de...

Causes of Asset Shortages in Emerging Markets

Causes of Asset Shortages in Emerging Markets »

Volume/Issue: 2011/114

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jiaqian Chen , and Patrick Imam

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455262373.001

ISBN: 9781455262373

Keywords: Asset Shortage, Emerging Market, Capital Market, Regulation, financial assets, interest rates, capital markets, capital account, pension funds, Money and Interest Rates: General

We first illustrate that emerging markets (EMs) face a shortage of financial assets, with financial assets not growing as rapidly as domestic savings. We then estimate the asset shortage in EMs for 1995-2008. We de...

Democracy and Reforms

Democracy and Reforms »

Source: Democracy and Reforms : Evidence from a New Dataset

Volume/Issue: 2010/173

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Antonio Spilimbergo , Paola Giuliano , and Prachi Mishra

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2010

ISBN: 9781455201846

Keywords: institutions, transition, economic liberalization, correlation, statistical significance, neighboring countries, trade reforms, statistics, Comparative Studies of Countries, Macroeconomic - Aspects Of Public Finance

Empirical evidence on the relationship between democracy and economic reforms is limited to few reforms, countries, and years. This paper studies the impact of democracy on the adoption of economic reforms using a...

Democracy and Reforms
			: Evidence from a New Dataset

Democracy and Reforms : Evidence from a New Dataset »

Volume/Issue: 2010/173

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Antonio Spilimbergo , Paola Giuliano , and Prachi Mishra

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455201846.001

ISBN: 9781455201846

Keywords: institutions, transition, economic liberalization, correlation, statistical significance, neighboring countries, trade reforms, statistics, Comparative Studies of Countries, Macroeconomic - Aspects Of Public Finance

Empirical evidence on the relationship between democracy and economic reforms is limited to few reforms, countries, and years. This paper studies the impact of democracy on the adoption of economic reforms using a...

Firm Productivity, innovation and Financial Development

Firm Productivity, innovation and Financial Development »

Source: Firm Productivity, innovation and Financial Development

Volume/Issue: 2010/49

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Genevieve Verdier , Erasmus Kersting , and Era Dabla-Norris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2010

ISBN: 9781451963250

Keywords: innovation, survey data, financial development., survey, dummy variable, equation, stock market, Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives, Financial Development, General Financial Markets,

How do firm-specific actions-in particular, innovation-affect firm productivity? And what is the role of the financial sector in facilitating higher productivity? Using a rich firm-level dataset, we find that innov...

Firm Productivity, innovation and Financial Development

Firm Productivity, innovation and Financial Development »

Volume/Issue: 2010/49

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Genevieve Verdier , Erasmus Kersting , and Era Dabla-Norris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451963250.001

ISBN: 9781451963250

Keywords: innovation, survey data, financial development., survey, dummy variable, equation, stock market, Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives, Financial Development, General Financial Markets,

How do firm-specific actions-in particular, innovation-affect firm productivity? And what is the role of the financial sector in facilitating higher productivity? Using a rich firm-level dataset, we find that innov...