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Macroeconomic Performance and Poverty Reduction

Macroeconomic Performance and Poverty Reduction »

Source: Macroeconomic Performance and Poverty Reduction

Volume/Issue: 2003/72

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anne Epaulard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2003

ISBN: 9781451849363

Keywords: Growth, Macroeconomic Policies, inflation, terms of trade, transition economies, trade openness, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Measurement and Analysis of Poverty,

This paper investigates the link between macroeconomic performance and the change in the poverty rate among 47 episodes of growth and 52 episodes of economic downturn in developing and transition economies. We show...

Exchange Rate Policy for a Small Developing Country, and the Selection of an Appropriate Standard

Exchange Rate Policy for a Small Developing Country, and the Selection of an Appropriate Standard »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 26 No. 3

Volume: 26

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1979

ISBN: 9781451972597

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange rate, terms of trade, effective exchange rate, exchange rate policy

This paper examines two questions: What basket of currencies should a small developing country use as the exchange rate standard for its currency? When are discretionary changes of the value of its currency against...

A Model of Currency Substitution in Exchange Rate Determination, 1973–78

A Model of Currency Substitution in Exchange Rate Determination, 1973–78 »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 26 No. 3

Volume: 26

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1979

ISBN: 9781451972597

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange rate, terms of trade, effective exchange rate, exchange rate policy

This paper examines two questions: What basket of currencies should a small developing country use as the exchange rate standard for its currency? When are discretionary changes of the value of its currency against...

A Multilateral Exchange Rate Model for Primary Producing Countries

A Multilateral Exchange Rate Model for Primary Producing Countries »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 26 No. 3

Volume: 26

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1979

ISBN: 9781451972597

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange rate, terms of trade, effective exchange rate, exchange rate policy

This paper examines two questions: What basket of currencies should a small developing country use as the exchange rate standard for its currency? When are discretionary changes of the value of its currency against...

Domestic Credit and Money Ceilings Under Alternative Exchange Rate Regimes

Domestic Credit and Money Ceilings Under Alternative Exchange Rate Regimes »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 26 No. 3

Volume: 26

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1979

ISBN: 9781451972597

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange rate, terms of trade, effective exchange rate, exchange rate policy

This paper examines two questions: What basket of currencies should a small developing country use as the exchange rate standard for its currency? When are discretionary changes of the value of its currency against...

Financial Reform and Capital Flows in a Developing Economy

Financial Reform and Capital Flows in a Developing Economy »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 26 No. 3

Volume: 26

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1979

ISBN: 9781451972597

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange rate, terms of trade, effective exchange rate, exchange rate policy

This paper examines two questions: What basket of currencies should a small developing country use as the exchange rate standard for its currency? When are discretionary changes of the value of its currency against...

The Fund Agreement in the Courts—XIV

The Fund Agreement in the Courts—XIV »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 26 No. 3

Volume: 26

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1979

ISBN: 9781451972597

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange rate, terms of trade, effective exchange rate, exchange rate policy

This paper examines two questions: What basket of currencies should a small developing country use as the exchange rate standard for its currency? When are discretionary changes of the value of its currency against...

New Growth Drivers for Low-Income Countries - The Role of the BRICs

New Growth Drivers for Low-Income Countries - The Role of the BRICs »

Source: New Growth Drivers for Low-Income Countries - The Role of the BRICs

Volume/Issue: 2011/099

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2011

ISBN: 9781498339469

Keywords: Bilateral trade, Cross country analysis, Development financing, Economic growth, Foreign direct investment, Infrastructure, Low-income developing countries, Trade relations, Economic cooperation, Financial crises

The emergence of BRICs-Brazil, Russia, India, and China-is reshaping low-income countries' (LICs) international economic relations. While industrial countries remain LICs' dominant development partners, LIC-BRIC ti...

What Explains India's Real Appreciation?

What Explains India's Real Appreciation? »

Source: What Explains India's Real Appreciation?

Volume/Issue: 2007/268

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Renu Kohli , and Sudip Mohapatra

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2007

ISBN: 9781451868319

Keywords: Tradable, nontradable, real exchange, appreciation, macroeconomic policy, relative price, per capita income, terms of trade, nontradable goods,

We examine the evolution of nontradable and tradable prices in the Indian economy over 1980-2002 and find widening differentials: the real exchange rate has been appreciating. This might seem unsurprising, since In...

Democracy and Reforms

Democracy and Reforms »

Source: Democracy and Reforms : Evidence from a New Dataset

Volume/Issue: 2010/173

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Antonio Spilimbergo , Paola Giuliano , and Prachi Mishra

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2010

ISBN: 9781455201846

Keywords: institutions, transition, economic liberalization, correlation, statistical significance, neighboring countries, trade reforms, statistics, Comparative Studies of Countries, Macroeconomic - Aspects Of Public Finance

Empirical evidence on the relationship between democracy and economic reforms is limited to few reforms, countries, and years. This paper studies the impact of democracy on the adoption of economic reforms using a...