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Trade Policy and Market Structure Interactions in Developing Countries

Trade Policy and Market Structure Interactions in Developing Countries »

Source: Trade Policy and Market Structure Interactions in Developing Countries

Volume/Issue: 1989/91

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 October 1989

ISBN: 9781451951639

Keywords: equation, free trade, imported inputs, perfect competition, trade regimes

This paper shows that the presence of quotas on imported inputs that are based on installed capacity can lead to capacity underutilization in manufacturing industries of developing countries. A replacement of such...

Is Growth Enough? Macroeconomic Policy and Poverty Reduction

Is Growth Enough? Macroeconomic Policy and Poverty Reduction »

Source: Is Growth Enough? Macroeconomic Policy and Poverty Reduction

Volume/Issue: 2002/118

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Carlos Leite , Charalambos Tsangarides , and Dhaneshwar Ghura

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2002

ISBN: 9781451854091

Keywords: Macroeconomic Policy, Bayesian Analysis, probability, logarithm, equation, correlation, Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models: Models with Panel Data, Measurement and Analysis of Poverty, Comparative Studies of Countries,

The paper investigates the existence of "super pro-poor" policies-that is, policies that directly influence the income of the poor after accounting for the effect of growth. It uses a dynamic panel estimator to cap...

Incorporating Market Information into the Construction of the Fan Chart

Incorporating Market Information into the Construction of the Fan Chart »

Source: Incorporating Market Information into the Construction of the Fan Chart

Volume/Issue: 2009/178

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Prakash Kannan , and Selim Elekdag

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2009

ISBN: 9781451873252

Keywords: Fan Chart, Balance of Risks, Option Prices, Consensus Forecasts, risk factors, survey, skewness, normal distribution, equation,

This paper develops a simple procedure for incorporating market-based information into the construction of fan charts. Using the International Monetary Fund (IMF)'s global growth forecast as a working example, the...

How Intensive Is Competition in the Emerging Markets? An Analysis of Corporate Rates of Return from Nine Emerging Markets

How Intensive Is Competition in the Emerging Markets? An Analysis of Corporate Rates of Return from Nine Emerging Markets »

Source: How Intensive Is Competition in the Emerging Markets? An Analysis of Corporate Rates of Return from Nine Emerging Markets

Volume/Issue: 1999/32

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ajit Singh , Rudolph Matthias , and Jack Glen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1999

ISBN: 9781451845099

Keywords: Corporate Rates of Return, Intensity of Competition, Emerging Markets, standard deviation, equation, statistic

This large empirical study of corporate profitability in emerging markets during the 1980s and 1990s measures the intensity of competition. Data on corporate rates of return, profit margins, and output-capital rati...

Nonresident Deposits in India

Nonresident Deposits in India »

Source: Nonresident Deposits in India : In Search of Return?

Volume/Issue: 2004/48

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Poonam Gupta , and James Gordon

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2004

ISBN: 9781451846768

Keywords: Nonresident Deposits, NRIs, foreign currency, equation, correlation, independent variables, statistics, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Nonreisent Deposits,

This paper analyzes trends in the accumulation of NRI (nonresident Indian) deposits and investigates the determinants of these inflows. It finds that monthly deposit flows have been quite stable since the 1991 cris...

Innovation in Banking and Excessive Loan Growth

Innovation in Banking and Excessive Loan Growth »

Source: Innovation in Banking and Excessive Loan Growth

Volume/Issue: 2008/188

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2008

ISBN: 9781451870466

Keywords: credit screening, loan quality, signaling games, incentive compatibility, probability, banking, equation, banking system, banks ? loan,

The volume of credit extended by a bank can be an informative signal of its abilities in loan selection and management. It is shown that, under asymmetric information, banks may therefore rationally lend more than...

Determinants of Development Financing Flows From Brazil, Russia, India, and China to Low-Income Countries

Determinants of Development Financing Flows From Brazil, Russia, India, and China to Low-Income Countries »

Source: Determinants of Development Financing Flows From Brazil, Russia, India, and China to Low-Income Countries

Volume/Issue: 2011/255

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nkunde Mwase

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2011

ISBN: 9781463923914

Keywords: BRICs, Low-Income Countries, Panel VAR, Panel OLS, Concessionality, loan financing, bank debt, equation, dummy variable, error variance

BRICs development financing flows have increased significantly and are expected to become more prominent in the post-crisis era. We investigate the potential implications on the country-allocation of loan commitmen...

Measuring Oil-Price Shocks Using Market-Based Information1

Measuring Oil-Price Shocks Using Market-Based Information1 »

Source: Measuring Oil-Price Shocks Using Market-Based Information

Volume/Issue: 2012/19

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tao Wu , and Michele Cavallo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

ISBN: 9781463931810

Keywords: Oil Shocks, Market-Based Information, VAR Identification, oil market, opec, equation, oil demand, Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models: Time-Series Models, Methodology for Collecting, Estimating

We study the effects of oil-price shocks on the U.S. economy combining narrative and quantitative approaches. After examining daily oil-related events since 1984, we classify them into various event types. We then...

Export Versus FDI in Services

Export Versus FDI in Services »

Source: Export Versus FDI in Services

Volume/Issue: 2010/290

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2010

ISBN: 9781455211715

Keywords: FDI, Heterogeneous firms, Uncertainty, statistics, equation, prediction, predictions, International Factor Movements and International Business: General, International Finance: General,

In the literature on exports and investment, most productive firms are seen to invest abroad. In the Helpman et al. (2004) model, costs of transportation play a critical role in the decision about whether to serve...

Poverty Dynamics in Rural India

Poverty Dynamics in Rural India »

Source: Poverty Dynamics in Rural India

Volume/Issue: 2002/172

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jahangir Aziz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2002

ISBN: 9781451858587

Keywords: India, provincial poverty, growth, nonparametric estimation, reducing poverty, probability, rate of poverty reduction, equation, survey, Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods

India's progress in reducing poverty at the national level masks substantial disparity in the incidence of poverty at the state level. This paper provides a description of the trends in interstate differences in ru...