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How Much is A Lot? Historical Evidence on the Size of Fiscal Adjustments1

How Much is A Lot? Historical Evidence on the Size of Fiscal Adjustments1 »

Source: How Much is A Lot? Historical Evidence on the Size of Fiscal Adjustments

Volume/Issue: 2014/179

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Julio Escolano , Laura Jaramillo , Carlos Mulas-Granados , and G. Terrier

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 September 2014

ISBN: 9781484378861

Keywords: Deficit, primary balance, size of adjustment, fiscal adjustments, fiscal consolidations, Structure and Scope of Government,

The sizeable fiscal consolidation required to stabilize the debt-to-GDP ratios in several countries in the aftermath of the global crisis raises a crucial question on its feasibility. To answer this question, we re...

Counterfeit Goods and Income Inequality

Counterfeit Goods and Income Inequality »

Source: Counterfeit Goods and Income Inequality

Volume/Issue: 2001/13

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stefania Scandizzo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2001

ISBN: 9781451843002

Keywords: Consumer goods, Economic models, Income distribution, counterfeit goods, vertical product differentiation, inequality, product differentiation, market structure, consumer surplus, patent protection

This paper examines the effect of counterfeit goods in a world where consumers are differentiated by level of income and innovation is quality enhancing. Counterfeit goods are defined as products with the same char...

On the First-Round Effects of International Food Price Shocks

On the First-Round Effects of International Food Price Shocks »

Source: On the First-Round Effects of International Food Price Shocks : the Role of the Asset Market Structure

Volume/Issue: 2015/33

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rafael Portillo , and Luis-Felipe Zanna

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 February 2015

ISBN: 9781498333092

Keywords: Food Price Shocks, First-Round Effects, New-Keynesian Models, Asset Market Structure, food, price, market, prices, inflation, General

We develop a tractable small open-economy model to study the first-round effects of international food price shocks in developing countries. We define first-round effects as changes in headline inflation that, hold...

The Demographic Dividend

The Demographic Dividend »

Source: The Demographic Dividend : Evidence from the Indian States

Volume/Issue: 2011/38

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ashoka Mody , and Shekhar Aiyar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2011

ISBN: 9781455217885

Keywords: Demographic dividend, Indian states, age-structure, convergence, growth rate, per capita income, per capita income growth, economic growth, age distribution, Economywide Country Studies: Asia including Middle East,

Large cohorts of young adults are poised to add to the working-age population of developing economies. Despite much interest in the consequent growth dividend, the size and circumstances of the potential gains rema...

The Challenge of Fiscal Adjustment in a Democracy

The Challenge of Fiscal Adjustment in a Democracy »

Source: The Challenge of Fiscal Adjustment in a Democracy : The Case of India

Volume/Issue: 2004/168

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ricardo Hausmann , and Catriona Purfield

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2004

ISBN: 9781451858297

Keywords: Fiscal responsibility legislation, federal relations, budget management, fiscal responsibility, fiscal imbalances, decentralization, Structure, Scope, and Performance of Government, State and Local Borrowing,

India's fiscal problem has deep roots in its federal fiscal system, where multiple players find it difficult to coordinate adjustment. The size and closed nature of the Indian economy, aided by its deep domestic ca...

Taxation and Corporate Debt: Are Banks any Different?

Taxation and Corporate Debt: Are Banks any Different? »

Source: Taxation and Corporate Debt : Are Banks any Different?

Volume/Issue: 2013/221

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jost Heckemeyer , and Ruud A. Mooij

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 October 2013

ISBN: 9781484330340

Keywords: Corporate tax, debt bias, leverage, non-financial firms, quantile regressions, bank size, capital structure, banking, tax sensitivity, tax elasticity

This paper explores whether corporate tax bias toward debt finance differs between banks and nonbanks, using a large panel of micro data. On average, it finds that there is no significant difference. The marginal t...

Taxation and Development: Again

Taxation and Development: Again »

Source: Taxation and Development : Again

Volume/Issue: 2012/220

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2012

ISBN: 9781475510294

Keywords: Taxation and development, state building, large taxpayer office, informality, taxation, tax design, tax system, tax reform, tax policy, Structure and Scope of Government: General

Issues of taxation and development, which have long been a central concern of the IMF, have attracted wider and renewed interest in the last few years. This paper reflects on three broad lessons of experience: that...

Asia’s Stock Markets: Are There Crouching Tigers and Hidden Dragons?

Asia’s Stock Markets: Are There Crouching Tigers and Hidden Dragons? »

Source: Asia's Stock Markets : Are There Crouching Tigers and Hidden Dragons?

Volume/Issue: 2014/37

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Fabian Lipinsky , and Li Lian Ong

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 February 2014

ISBN: 9781484320143

Keywords: arbitrage pricing theory, Asian financial crisis, fundamentals, global financial crisis, idiosyncratic factors, integration, IOSCO, securities regulation, stock market, stock pricing

Stock markets play a key role in corporate financing in Asia. However, despite their increasing importance in terms of size and cross-border investment activity, the region's markets are reputed to be more 'idiosyn...

Competition in the Financial Sector

Competition in the Financial Sector »

Source: Competition in the Financial Sector : Overview of Competition Policies

Volume/Issue: 2009/45

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stijn Claessens

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2009

ISBN: 9781451871937

Keywords: competition policy, contestability, stability, degree of competition, General Financial Markets: General (includes Measurement and Data), General Financial Markets: Government Policy and Regulation, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation, Market Structure, Firm Strategy, And Market Performance

As in other sectors, competition in finance matters for allocative, productive and dynamic efficiency. Theory suggests, however, that unfettered competition is not first best given the special features of finance....

How Much is A Lot? Historical Evidence on the Size of Fiscal Adjustments

How Much is A Lot? Historical Evidence on the Size of Fiscal Adjustments »

Volume/Issue: 2014/179

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Julio Escolano , Laura Jaramillo , Carlos Mulas-Granados , and G. Terrier

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 September 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484378861.001

ISBN: 9781484378861

Keywords: Deficit, primary balance, size of adjustment, fiscal adjustments, fiscal consolidations, Structure and Scope of Government,

The sizeable fiscal consolidation required to stabilize the debt-to-GDP ratios in several countries in the aftermath of the global crisis raises a crucial question on its feasibility. To answer this question, we re...